LMNA mutation is associated with type-2 familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD2). The disease causes a disorder characterized by anomalous accumulation of body fat in humans. The dysfunction at the molecular level is triggered by a lamin A/C mutation, impairing the cell metabolism. In human fibroblasts and preadipocytes, a trend for ATP production, mainly supported by mitochondrial oxidative metabolism, is detected. Moreover, primary cell lines with FPLD2 mutation decrease the mitochondrial ATP production if compared with the control, even if no differences are observed in the oxygen consumption rate of bioenergetic parameters (i.e., basal and maximal respiration, spare respiratory capacity, and ATP turnover). Conversely, glycolysis is only inhibited in FPLD2 fibroblast cell lines. We notice that the amount of ATP produced in the fibroblasts is higher than in the preadipocytes, and likewise in the control, with respect to FPLD2, due to a more active oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and glycolysis. Moreover, the proton leak parameter, which characterizes the transformation of white adipose tissue to brown/beige adipose tissue, is unaffected by FPLD2 mutation. The metabolic profile of fibroblasts and preadipocytes is confirmed by the ability of these cell lines to increase the metabolic potential of both OXPHOS and glycolysis under energy required independently by the FPLD2 mutation.

Cellular Metabolism and Bioenergetic Function in Human Fibroblasts and Preadipocytes of Type 2 Familial Partial Lipodystrophy

Algieri, Cristina
Primo
;
Bernardini, Chiara;Trombetti, Fabiana;Zannoni, Augusta;Forni, Monica;Nesci, Salvatore
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

LMNA mutation is associated with type-2 familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD2). The disease causes a disorder characterized by anomalous accumulation of body fat in humans. The dysfunction at the molecular level is triggered by a lamin A/C mutation, impairing the cell metabolism. In human fibroblasts and preadipocytes, a trend for ATP production, mainly supported by mitochondrial oxidative metabolism, is detected. Moreover, primary cell lines with FPLD2 mutation decrease the mitochondrial ATP production if compared with the control, even if no differences are observed in the oxygen consumption rate of bioenergetic parameters (i.e., basal and maximal respiration, spare respiratory capacity, and ATP turnover). Conversely, glycolysis is only inhibited in FPLD2 fibroblast cell lines. We notice that the amount of ATP produced in the fibroblasts is higher than in the preadipocytes, and likewise in the control, with respect to FPLD2, due to a more active oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and glycolysis. Moreover, the proton leak parameter, which characterizes the transformation of white adipose tissue to brown/beige adipose tissue, is unaffected by FPLD2 mutation. The metabolic profile of fibroblasts and preadipocytes is confirmed by the ability of these cell lines to increase the metabolic potential of both OXPHOS and glycolysis under energy required independently by the FPLD2 mutation.
Algieri, Cristina; Bernardini, Chiara; Trombetti, Fabiana; Schena, Elisa; Zannoni, Augusta; Forni, Monica; Nesci, Salvatore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/893388
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