Nervous Necrosis Virus (NNV) represents one of the most threatening pathogens for Mediterranean aquaculture. Several NNV strains are currently co-circulating in the Mediterranean Basin with a high prevalence of the RGNNV genotype and the RGNNV/SJNNV reassortant strain and a more limited diffusion of the SJNNV genotype and the SJNNV/RGNNV reassortant. In the present study, a one-step multiplex RT-PCR (mRT-PCR) assay was developed as an easy, cost-effective and rapid diagnostic technique to detect RGNNV and the reassortant RGNNV/SJNNV strain and to distinguish them from SJNNV and the reassortant SJNNV/RGNNV strain in a single RT-PCR reaction. A unique amplification profile was obtained for each genotype/reassortant enabling their rapid identification from cell culture lysates or directly from brain tissues of suspected fish. The method's detection limit varied between 102.3 and 103.4 TCID50 ml-1 depending on viral strains. No cross-reacitivty with viruses and bacteria frequently associated with gilthead seabream, European seabass and marine environment was observed. The mRT-PCR was shown to be an accurate, rapid and affordable method to support traditional diagnostic techniques in the diagnosis of VNN, being able to reduce considerably the time to identify the viral genotype or the involvement of reassortant strains.

Development and diagnostic validation of a one-step multiplex RT-PCR assay as a rapid method to detect and identify Nervous Necrosis Virus (NNV) and its variants circulating in the Mediterranean / Errani, Francesca; Volpe, Enrico; Riera-Ferrer, Enrique; Caffara, Monica; Padrós, Francesc; Gustinelli, Andrea; Fioravanti, Marialetizia; Ciulli, Sara. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:8(2022), pp. e0273802.1-e0273802.16. [10.1371/journal.pone.0273802]

Development and diagnostic validation of a one-step multiplex RT-PCR assay as a rapid method to detect and identify Nervous Necrosis Virus (NNV) and its variants circulating in the Mediterranean

Errani, Francesca;Volpe, Enrico;Caffara, Monica;Gustinelli, Andrea;Fioravanti, Marialetizia;Ciulli, Sara
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Nervous Necrosis Virus (NNV) represents one of the most threatening pathogens for Mediterranean aquaculture. Several NNV strains are currently co-circulating in the Mediterranean Basin with a high prevalence of the RGNNV genotype and the RGNNV/SJNNV reassortant strain and a more limited diffusion of the SJNNV genotype and the SJNNV/RGNNV reassortant. In the present study, a one-step multiplex RT-PCR (mRT-PCR) assay was developed as an easy, cost-effective and rapid diagnostic technique to detect RGNNV and the reassortant RGNNV/SJNNV strain and to distinguish them from SJNNV and the reassortant SJNNV/RGNNV strain in a single RT-PCR reaction. A unique amplification profile was obtained for each genotype/reassortant enabling their rapid identification from cell culture lysates or directly from brain tissues of suspected fish. The method's detection limit varied between 102.3 and 103.4 TCID50 ml-1 depending on viral strains. No cross-reacitivty with viruses and bacteria frequently associated with gilthead seabream, European seabass and marine environment was observed. The mRT-PCR was shown to be an accurate, rapid and affordable method to support traditional diagnostic techniques in the diagnosis of VNN, being able to reduce considerably the time to identify the viral genotype or the involvement of reassortant strains.
2022
Development and diagnostic validation of a one-step multiplex RT-PCR assay as a rapid method to detect and identify Nervous Necrosis Virus (NNV) and its variants circulating in the Mediterranean / Errani, Francesca; Volpe, Enrico; Riera-Ferrer, Enrique; Caffara, Monica; Padrós, Francesc; Gustinelli, Andrea; Fioravanti, Marialetizia; Ciulli, Sara. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:8(2022), pp. e0273802.1-e0273802.16. [10.1371/journal.pone.0273802]
Errani, Francesca; Volpe, Enrico; Riera-Ferrer, Enrique; Caffara, Monica; Padrós, Francesc; Gustinelli, Andrea; Fioravanti, Marialetizia; Ciulli, Sara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/893291
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