Natural history museums are useful and irreplaceable tools to describe the biological diversity around the globe being the baselines and logical repositories for type designations. To confirm this, we checked the amphibians and reptiles present in the major Italian natural history collections, and verified the presence of threatened species according to IUCN Red List, included in the Extinct in the Wild category (EX), Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), and Vulnerable (VU) ones. Totally, we analyzed 40 Italian museums and collections. We detected one extinct reptile (Chioninia coctei) and four amphibian species (Pseudophilautus leucorhinus, P. nasutus, P. variabilis, and Atelopus longirostris). Most of the CR amphibian and reptile species (27) come from just one single museum/collection (Florence). The CR species which is mostly shared is the axolotl Ambystoma mexicanum, which is present in 16 collections. Fourteen CR reptile species and the extinct C. coctei are shared by more than one collection. Museums which host the greatest number of CR amphibian species are respectively Turin (18 species), Florence (15 species), and Genoa (5 species), while for reptiles are Genoa (16 species), Florence (12 species) and Pisa (7 species). Finally, we discussed about the utility and strategies to follow to implement museum functionality.

Threatened and extinct amphibians and reptiles in Italian natural history collections as useful conservation tools

Vincenzo Caputo;Valeria Franceschini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Andrea Sforzi;
2022

Abstract

Natural history museums are useful and irreplaceable tools to describe the biological diversity around the globe being the baselines and logical repositories for type designations. To confirm this, we checked the amphibians and reptiles present in the major Italian natural history collections, and verified the presence of threatened species according to IUCN Red List, included in the Extinct in the Wild category (EX), Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), and Vulnerable (VU) ones. Totally, we analyzed 40 Italian museums and collections. We detected one extinct reptile (Chioninia coctei) and four amphibian species (Pseudophilautus leucorhinus, P. nasutus, P. variabilis, and Atelopus longirostris). Most of the CR amphibian and reptile species (27) come from just one single museum/collection (Florence). The CR species which is mostly shared is the axolotl Ambystoma mexicanum, which is present in 16 collections. Fourteen CR reptile species and the extinct C. coctei are shared by more than one collection. Museums which host the greatest number of CR amphibian species are respectively Turin (18 species), Florence (15 species), and Genoa (5 species), while for reptiles are Genoa (16 species), Florence (12 species) and Pisa (7 species). Finally, we discussed about the utility and strategies to follow to implement museum functionality.
Franco Andreone *, Ivano Ansaloni , Enrico Bellia , Andrea Benocci , Carlotta Betto , Gabriella Bianchi , Giovanni Boano , Antonio Borzatti , Rino Brancato , Nicola Bressi , Stefano Bulla , Massimo Capula , Vincenzo Caputo , Piero Carlino , Umberto Chalvien , Marta Coloberti , Pierangelo Crucitti , Maria Chiara Deflorian , Giuliano Doria , Simone Farina , Valeria Franceschini , Flavia Gallo5, Simona Guioli , Roberta Improta , Luca Lapini , Leonardo Latella , Giuseppe Manganelli , Stefano Mazzotti , Marta Meneghini5, Paola Nicolosi , Anna Maria Nistri , Nicola Novarini , Roberta Pala1, Edoardo Razzetti , Gianni Repetto , Roberta Salmaso23, Guido Cesare Salza , Stefano Scali , Giovanni Scillitani , Andrea Sforzi , Gionata Stancher , Maria Luisa Tavano18, Silvia Valenti5, Marco Valle , Giannantonio Zanata , Marco A.L. Zuffi26, Giulia Tessa1,6
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/890010
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