It is recognized that biochar undergoes changes when it is applied to soils. However, the mechanisms of biochar alterations are not fully understood yet. To this purpose, the present study is designed to investigate the transformations in the soil of two different biochars obtained from pyrolysis of fir-wood pellets. The production of the biochars differed for the dry and wet quenching procedures used to terminate the pyrolysis. Both biochars were applied to clay soil (26% sand, 6% silt, and 68% clay) placed into lysimeters. After water saturation and 15 days of equilibration, seeds of watercress (Lepidium sativum) were cultivated. After a further 7 weeks, the biochars were manually separated from the systems. A total of four samples were collected. They were analyzed for chemical–physical characteristics by using an innovative technique referred to as fast field cycling nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry. The results showed that the dry-quenching produced a material that was mainly chemically altered after application to soil compared to the biochar obtained by the wet-quenching. Indeed, the latter was both chemically and physically modified. In particular, results showed that water was better retained in the soil treated with the dry-quenched material. Consequently, we may suggest that crop productivity and environmental remediation may be modulated by applying either the dry-quenched or the wet-quenched biochar.

Changes in Physicochemical Properties of Biochar after Addition to Soil

Bortolotti V.;Zama F.;Landi G.;
2022

Abstract

It is recognized that biochar undergoes changes when it is applied to soils. However, the mechanisms of biochar alterations are not fully understood yet. To this purpose, the present study is designed to investigate the transformations in the soil of two different biochars obtained from pyrolysis of fir-wood pellets. The production of the biochars differed for the dry and wet quenching procedures used to terminate the pyrolysis. Both biochars were applied to clay soil (26% sand, 6% silt, and 68% clay) placed into lysimeters. After water saturation and 15 days of equilibration, seeds of watercress (Lepidium sativum) were cultivated. After a further 7 weeks, the biochars were manually separated from the systems. A total of four samples were collected. They were analyzed for chemical–physical characteristics by using an innovative technique referred to as fast field cycling nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry. The results showed that the dry-quenching produced a material that was mainly chemically altered after application to soil compared to the biochar obtained by the wet-quenching. Indeed, the latter was both chemically and physically modified. In particular, results showed that water was better retained in the soil treated with the dry-quenched material. Consequently, we may suggest that crop productivity and environmental remediation may be modulated by applying either the dry-quenched or the wet-quenched biochar.
2022
Fellet G.; Conte P.; Bortolotti V.; Zama F.; Landi G.; Chillura Martino D.F.; Ferro V.; Marchiol L.; Meo P.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/887733
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