The growing and widespread use of glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) has raised an intense public debate about the impact of environmental contamination on animal and human health, including male fertility. The aim of this study was to deepen the impact of glyphosate (Gly) and GBHs on mammalian sperm investigating the effect of in vitro exposure of stallion spermatozoa to Gly and to its commercial formulation Roundup® (R). Spermatozoa were incubated at 37 °C with different Gly or R concentrations (from 0.5 to 720 μg/mL Gly or R at the same Gly-equivalent concentrations). After 1 h of incubation motility, viability, acrosome integrity, mitochondrial activity and ROS production were assessed. Gly, at all the concentrations tested, did not induce any detrimental impact on the sperm quality parameters evaluated. Conversely, R starting from 360 μg/mL (Gly-equivalent dose) significantly (P < 0.05) decreased total and progressive motility, viability, acrosome integrity, mitochondrial activity and the percentage of live spermatozoa with intact mitochondria not producing ROS. Our results indicate that the commercial formulation R is more toxic than its active molecule Gly and that the negative impact on stallion sperm motility might be likely due to a detrimental effect mainly at membrane and mitochondrial level and, at least in part, to redox unbalance. Moreover, based on the data obtained, it can be hypothesized a species-specificity in sperm sensitivity to Gly and GBHs as horse spermatozoa were negatively influenced at higher concentrations of R compared to those reported in literature to be toxic for human and swine male germ cells.

Impact of glyphosate and its formulation Roundup® on stallion spermatozoa

Spinaci M.
;
Nerozzi C.;Mislei B.;Mari G.;Galeati G.;Bucci D.
2022

Abstract

The growing and widespread use of glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) has raised an intense public debate about the impact of environmental contamination on animal and human health, including male fertility. The aim of this study was to deepen the impact of glyphosate (Gly) and GBHs on mammalian sperm investigating the effect of in vitro exposure of stallion spermatozoa to Gly and to its commercial formulation Roundup® (R). Spermatozoa were incubated at 37 °C with different Gly or R concentrations (from 0.5 to 720 μg/mL Gly or R at the same Gly-equivalent concentrations). After 1 h of incubation motility, viability, acrosome integrity, mitochondrial activity and ROS production were assessed. Gly, at all the concentrations tested, did not induce any detrimental impact on the sperm quality parameters evaluated. Conversely, R starting from 360 μg/mL (Gly-equivalent dose) significantly (P < 0.05) decreased total and progressive motility, viability, acrosome integrity, mitochondrial activity and the percentage of live spermatozoa with intact mitochondria not producing ROS. Our results indicate that the commercial formulation R is more toxic than its active molecule Gly and that the negative impact on stallion sperm motility might be likely due to a detrimental effect mainly at membrane and mitochondrial level and, at least in part, to redox unbalance. Moreover, based on the data obtained, it can be hypothesized a species-specificity in sperm sensitivity to Gly and GBHs as horse spermatozoa were negatively influenced at higher concentrations of R compared to those reported in literature to be toxic for human and swine male germ cells.
Spinaci M.; Nerozzi C.; Mislei B.; Blanco-Prieto O.; Mari G.; Galeati G.; Bucci D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/886321
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