In this paper, an analytical model for the evaluation of the melt film geometry in laser cutting of steels is developed. Using as basis, a previous model for kerf geometry estimation developed by the authors, with both reactive and non-reactive process gases, the film thickness and velocity were determined as a function of the kerf depth in the cutting plate. Two criteria were then adopted to predict the quality of the laser cutting operation: the first is based on a minimum acceptable value of the ejection speed of the melt from the bottom of the kerf, the second on the occlusion of the kerf itself due to an excess of molten material in the boundary layer at the kerf width. These criteria determined a feasibility region in the domain of the process and material variables, such as cutting speed, assistant gas pressure, laser beam power and material characteristics. These factors may be successfully used to build a process-planning tool for parameters optimisation and setting, in order to achieve a satisfactory process quality. The model response is in excellent agreement with the feasibility regions reported from experimental data by various authors and demonstrates a relationship between the occurrence of dross adhesion and the two different mechanisms predicted for such a phenomenon were: unsatisfactory ejection speed of the melt film from the bottom of the kerf and occlusion of the kerf. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Prediction of melt geometry in laser cutting / Tani G.; Tomesani L.; Campana G.. - In: APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0169-4332. - STAMPA. - 208-209:1(2003), pp. 142-147. [10.1016/S0169-4332(02)01353-3]

Prediction of melt geometry in laser cutting

Tani G.;Tomesani L.;Campana G.
2003

Abstract

In this paper, an analytical model for the evaluation of the melt film geometry in laser cutting of steels is developed. Using as basis, a previous model for kerf geometry estimation developed by the authors, with both reactive and non-reactive process gases, the film thickness and velocity were determined as a function of the kerf depth in the cutting plate. Two criteria were then adopted to predict the quality of the laser cutting operation: the first is based on a minimum acceptable value of the ejection speed of the melt from the bottom of the kerf, the second on the occlusion of the kerf itself due to an excess of molten material in the boundary layer at the kerf width. These criteria determined a feasibility region in the domain of the process and material variables, such as cutting speed, assistant gas pressure, laser beam power and material characteristics. These factors may be successfully used to build a process-planning tool for parameters optimisation and setting, in order to achieve a satisfactory process quality. The model response is in excellent agreement with the feasibility regions reported from experimental data by various authors and demonstrates a relationship between the occurrence of dross adhesion and the two different mechanisms predicted for such a phenomenon were: unsatisfactory ejection speed of the melt film from the bottom of the kerf and occlusion of the kerf. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
2003
Prediction of melt geometry in laser cutting / Tani G.; Tomesani L.; Campana G.. - In: APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0169-4332. - STAMPA. - 208-209:1(2003), pp. 142-147. [10.1016/S0169-4332(02)01353-3]
Tani G.; Tomesani L.; Campana G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/884394
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