Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been shown to be associated with tumor progression and metastasis. During this process in breast cancer, a crucial role is played by alternative splicing systems. To identify a new early prognostic marker of metastasis, we evaluated EMT-related gene expression in breast cell lines, and in primary tumor tissue from 31 patients with early breast cancer, focusing our attention on EMT-related splicing factors ESRP1, ESRP2 and RBFOX2. Results showed that the expression patterns of these genes were indicative of the onset of EMT in in-vitro models, but not in tissue samples. However, the ratio between ESRP1 or ESRP2 and RBFOX2 significantly decreased during EMT and positively correlated with the EMT-specific phenotype in cell models, representing a promising prognostic markers. Low ESRP1/RBFOX2 ratio value was associated with a higher risk of metastasis (p < 0.005) in early breast cancer patients, regardless other clinical features. A cutoff of ratio of 1.067 was determined by ROC curve analysis (AUC 0.8375; 95% CI 0.6963-0.9787). Our study show evidence that a decrease in this ratio correlates with cancer progression. The results provide a rationale for using ESRP1/RBFOX2 ratio as a new prognostic biomarker for the early prediction of metastatic potential in breast cancer.

Splicing factor ratio as an index of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and tumor aggressiveness in breast cancer

Fici P.;Gallerani G.;Mercatali L.;
2017

Abstract

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been shown to be associated with tumor progression and metastasis. During this process in breast cancer, a crucial role is played by alternative splicing systems. To identify a new early prognostic marker of metastasis, we evaluated EMT-related gene expression in breast cell lines, and in primary tumor tissue from 31 patients with early breast cancer, focusing our attention on EMT-related splicing factors ESRP1, ESRP2 and RBFOX2. Results showed that the expression patterns of these genes were indicative of the onset of EMT in in-vitro models, but not in tissue samples. However, the ratio between ESRP1 or ESRP2 and RBFOX2 significantly decreased during EMT and positively correlated with the EMT-specific phenotype in cell models, representing a promising prognostic markers. Low ESRP1/RBFOX2 ratio value was associated with a higher risk of metastasis (p < 0.005) in early breast cancer patients, regardless other clinical features. A cutoff of ratio of 1.067 was determined by ROC curve analysis (AUC 0.8375; 95% CI 0.6963-0.9787). Our study show evidence that a decrease in this ratio correlates with cancer progression. The results provide a rationale for using ESRP1/RBFOX2 ratio as a new prognostic biomarker for the early prediction of metastatic potential in breast cancer.
Fici P.; Gallerani G.; Morel A.-P.; Mercatali L.; Ibrahim T.; Scarpi E.; Amadori D.; Puisieux A.; Rigaud M.; Fabbri F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/883880
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