Tectonic boundary zones are characterized by a shallow, brittle region (seismogenic region) where frictional slip occurs on fault planes, and by a lower, ductile and aseismic region. The nucleation depth and the extent of slip planes in great interplate earthquakes are determined by the relationships between frictional resistance, applied stress and stress drop. The post-seismic stress evolution on a fault plane is investigated by a model which reproduces a transcurrent boundary zone subject to a constant strain rate. Dislocation models with frictional stress threshold for slip arrest must be considered in order to study post-seismic stress evolution in the proximity of dislocation edges. It is found that dislocations which are nucleated in the seismogenic region can propagate downward into the aseismic region: in this case earthquakes are followed by relaxation of the stress concentration at the lower dislocation edge. This has effects on the space-time distribution of aftershocks.

Post-seismic stress evolution in a boundary-zone model with depth-dependent rheology

Dragoni M.
1990

Abstract

Tectonic boundary zones are characterized by a shallow, brittle region (seismogenic region) where frictional slip occurs on fault planes, and by a lower, ductile and aseismic region. The nucleation depth and the extent of slip planes in great interplate earthquakes are determined by the relationships between frictional resistance, applied stress and stress drop. The post-seismic stress evolution on a fault plane is investigated by a model which reproduces a transcurrent boundary zone subject to a constant strain rate. Dislocation models with frictional stress threshold for slip arrest must be considered in order to study post-seismic stress evolution in the proximity of dislocation edges. It is found that dislocations which are nucleated in the seismogenic region can propagate downward into the aseismic region: in this case earthquakes are followed by relaxation of the stress concentration at the lower dislocation edge. This has effects on the space-time distribution of aftershocks.
PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF THE EARTH
Dragoni M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/883590
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