Reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) pre-existing (at ≈1 mg kg-1) in a marine sediment of Porto Marghera (Venice Lagoon, Italy) was investigated in anaerobic slurries developed in water of the same contaminated site. Some microcosms were pasteurized whereas others were amended with 2-bromoethanesulfonic acid, molybdate or eubacteria-inhibiting antibiotics (without and in the presence of exogenous carbon sources) to preliminarily characterize the microbial populations involved in the process. Bioconversion of highly chlorinated PCBs into tri- and di-chlorinated, ortho-substituted biphenyls was detected from the 11th week of incubation both in the non-amended and in the pasteurized microcosms, where a significant consumption of sulfate and no methane production were observed. Conversely, no significant PCB transformation was detected in the microcosms with molybdate, where no sulfate consumption and a significant methane evolution occurred. Neither was PCB transformation observed in the microcosms supplemented with antibiotics and exogenous carbon sources, where a strong methane evolution and no sulfate consumption were recorded until the 11th week. The addition of exogenous 2,3,4,5,6-pentachlorobiphenyl showed preferential dechlorination at the meta and para positions, and did not significantly influence the onset of pre-existing PCB dechlorination. These results indicate that endogenous PCBs pre-existing in the marine sediment underwent reductive dechlorination. They also suggest that the process was not 'primed' upon 2,3,4,5,6-pentachlorobiphenyl addition, and was likely to be mediated by sulfate-reducing, spore-forming bacteria. © 2003 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Microbial reductive dechlorination of pre-existing PCBs and spiked 2,3,4,5,6-pentachlorobiphenyl in anaerobic slurries of a contaminated sediment of Venice Lagoon (Italy) / Fava F.; Zanaroli G.; Young L.Y.. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-6496. - STAMPA. - 44:3(2003), pp. 309-318. [10.1016/S0168-6496(03)00069-2]

Microbial reductive dechlorination of pre-existing PCBs and spiked 2,3,4,5,6-pentachlorobiphenyl in anaerobic slurries of a contaminated sediment of Venice Lagoon (Italy)

Fava F.
;
Zanaroli G.;
2003

Abstract

Reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) pre-existing (at ≈1 mg kg-1) in a marine sediment of Porto Marghera (Venice Lagoon, Italy) was investigated in anaerobic slurries developed in water of the same contaminated site. Some microcosms were pasteurized whereas others were amended with 2-bromoethanesulfonic acid, molybdate or eubacteria-inhibiting antibiotics (without and in the presence of exogenous carbon sources) to preliminarily characterize the microbial populations involved in the process. Bioconversion of highly chlorinated PCBs into tri- and di-chlorinated, ortho-substituted biphenyls was detected from the 11th week of incubation both in the non-amended and in the pasteurized microcosms, where a significant consumption of sulfate and no methane production were observed. Conversely, no significant PCB transformation was detected in the microcosms with molybdate, where no sulfate consumption and a significant methane evolution occurred. Neither was PCB transformation observed in the microcosms supplemented with antibiotics and exogenous carbon sources, where a strong methane evolution and no sulfate consumption were recorded until the 11th week. The addition of exogenous 2,3,4,5,6-pentachlorobiphenyl showed preferential dechlorination at the meta and para positions, and did not significantly influence the onset of pre-existing PCB dechlorination. These results indicate that endogenous PCBs pre-existing in the marine sediment underwent reductive dechlorination. They also suggest that the process was not 'primed' upon 2,3,4,5,6-pentachlorobiphenyl addition, and was likely to be mediated by sulfate-reducing, spore-forming bacteria. © 2003 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
2003
Microbial reductive dechlorination of pre-existing PCBs and spiked 2,3,4,5,6-pentachlorobiphenyl in anaerobic slurries of a contaminated sediment of Venice Lagoon (Italy) / Fava F.; Zanaroli G.; Young L.Y.. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-6496. - STAMPA. - 44:3(2003), pp. 309-318. [10.1016/S0168-6496(03)00069-2]
Fava F.; Zanaroli G.; Young L.Y.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/880529
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