Multireference methods are known for their ability to accurately treat states of very different nature in many molecular systems, facilitating high-quality simulations of a large variety of spectroscopic techniques. Here, we couple the multiconfigurational restricted active space self-consistent field RASSCF/RASPT2 method (of the CASSCF/CASPT2 methods family) to the displaced harmonic oscillator (DHO) model, to simulate soft X-ray spectroscopy. We applied such an RASSCF/RASPT2+DHO approach at the K-edges of various second-row elements for a set of small organic molecules that have been recently investigated at other levels of theory. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are simulated with a sub-eV accuracy and a correct description of the spectral line shapes. The method is extremely sensitive to the observed spectral shifts on a series of differently fluorinated ethylene systems, provides spectral fingerprints to distinguish between stable conformers of the glycine molecule, and accurately captures the vibrationally resolved carbon K-edge spectrum of formaldehyde. Differences with other theoretical methods are demonstrated, which show the advantages of employing a multireference/multiconfigurational approach. A protocol to systematically increase the number of core-excited states considered while maintaining a contained computational cost is presented. Insight is eventually provided for the effects caused by removing core-electrons from a given atom in terms of bond rearrangement and influence on the resulting spectral shapes within a unitary orbital-based framework for both XPS and XANES spectra.

Soft X-ray Spectroscopy Simulations with Multiconfigurational Wave Function Theory: Spectrum Completeness, Sub-eV Accuracy, and Quantitative Reproduction of Line Shapes

Montorsi F.;Segatta F.
;
Nenov A.;Mukamel S.;Garavelli M.
2022

Abstract

Multireference methods are known for their ability to accurately treat states of very different nature in many molecular systems, facilitating high-quality simulations of a large variety of spectroscopic techniques. Here, we couple the multiconfigurational restricted active space self-consistent field RASSCF/RASPT2 method (of the CASSCF/CASPT2 methods family) to the displaced harmonic oscillator (DHO) model, to simulate soft X-ray spectroscopy. We applied such an RASSCF/RASPT2+DHO approach at the K-edges of various second-row elements for a set of small organic molecules that have been recently investigated at other levels of theory. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are simulated with a sub-eV accuracy and a correct description of the spectral line shapes. The method is extremely sensitive to the observed spectral shifts on a series of differently fluorinated ethylene systems, provides spectral fingerprints to distinguish between stable conformers of the glycine molecule, and accurately captures the vibrationally resolved carbon K-edge spectrum of formaldehyde. Differences with other theoretical methods are demonstrated, which show the advantages of employing a multireference/multiconfigurational approach. A protocol to systematically increase the number of core-excited states considered while maintaining a contained computational cost is presented. Insight is eventually provided for the effects caused by removing core-electrons from a given atom in terms of bond rearrangement and influence on the resulting spectral shapes within a unitary orbital-based framework for both XPS and XANES spectra.
Montorsi F.; Segatta F.; Nenov A.; Mukamel S.; Garavelli M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/879594
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