Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases presenting with a wide clinical spectrum. Autosomal dominant LGMDs represent about 10-15% of LGMDs and include disorders due to defects of DNAJB6, transportin-3 (TNPO3), HNRNPDL, Calpain-3 (CAPN3), and Bethlem myopathy. This review article aims to describe the clinical spectrum of LGMD D2 TNPO3-related, a rare disease due to heterozygous mutation in the TNPO3 gene. TNPO3 encodes for transportin-3, which belongs to the importin beta family and transports into the nucleus serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins, such as splicing factors, and HIV-1 proteins, thus contributing to viral infection. The purpose of this review is to present and compare the clinical features and the genetic and histopathological findings described in LGMD D2, performing a comparative analytical description of all the families and sporadic cases identified. Even if the causative gene and mutations of this disease have been identified, the pathogenic mechanisms are still an open issue; therefore, we will present an overview of the hypotheses that explain the pathology of LGMD D2 TNPO3-related.

LGMD D2 TNPO3-Related: From Clinical Spectrum to Pathogenetic Mechanism.

Costa R;Rodia MT;Pacilio S;Cenacchi G.
2022

Abstract

Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases presenting with a wide clinical spectrum. Autosomal dominant LGMDs represent about 10-15% of LGMDs and include disorders due to defects of DNAJB6, transportin-3 (TNPO3), HNRNPDL, Calpain-3 (CAPN3), and Bethlem myopathy. This review article aims to describe the clinical spectrum of LGMD D2 TNPO3-related, a rare disease due to heterozygous mutation in the TNPO3 gene. TNPO3 encodes for transportin-3, which belongs to the importin beta family and transports into the nucleus serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins, such as splicing factors, and HIV-1 proteins, thus contributing to viral infection. The purpose of this review is to present and compare the clinical features and the genetic and histopathological findings described in LGMD D2, performing a comparative analytical description of all the families and sporadic cases identified. Even if the causative gene and mutations of this disease have been identified, the pathogenic mechanisms are still an open issue; therefore, we will present an overview of the hypotheses that explain the pathology of LGMD D2 TNPO3-related.
Costa R, Rodia MT, Pacilio S, Angelini C, Cenacchi G.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/879250
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact