Introduction: Unfortunately, potentially curative surgical resection is possible in approximately the 25% of biliary tract cancer (BTC) patients at diagnosis, and even following radical surgery, relapse rates remain high. Thus, the role of adjuvant systemic treatment has been widely explored in this setting over the last decades, with the hope of lowering recurrence rates and improving outcomes of BTC patients. Areas covered: In this review, we provide an overview of available evidence regarding adjuvant systemic therapy in resected BTC, critically discussing the pros and cons of recently published clinical trials such as the BILCAP, the BCAT, and the PRODIGE-12/ACCORD-18 phase III studies. Expert opinion: Although the BILCAP trial has established adjuvant capecitabine for 6 months following radical resection as a novel standard of care, the role of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy is the object of debate and controversy in the BTC medical community. Although most of the international guidelines on BTC management have not yet been updated, the recently published ASCO guidelines support the use of capecitabine in this setting. Several phase I to III clinical trials are currently evaluating the role of novel therapeutic approaches in patients with resected BTC, and the results of these studies are highly awaited.

Rizzo A., Brandi G. (2021). Pitfalls, challenges, and updates in adjuvant systemic treatment for resected biliary tract cancer. EXPERT REVIEW OF GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY, 15(5), 547-554 [10.1080/17474124.2021.1890031].

Pitfalls, challenges, and updates in adjuvant systemic treatment for resected biliary tract cancer

Rizzo A.;Brandi G.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Unfortunately, potentially curative surgical resection is possible in approximately the 25% of biliary tract cancer (BTC) patients at diagnosis, and even following radical surgery, relapse rates remain high. Thus, the role of adjuvant systemic treatment has been widely explored in this setting over the last decades, with the hope of lowering recurrence rates and improving outcomes of BTC patients. Areas covered: In this review, we provide an overview of available evidence regarding adjuvant systemic therapy in resected BTC, critically discussing the pros and cons of recently published clinical trials such as the BILCAP, the BCAT, and the PRODIGE-12/ACCORD-18 phase III studies. Expert opinion: Although the BILCAP trial has established adjuvant capecitabine for 6 months following radical resection as a novel standard of care, the role of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy is the object of debate and controversy in the BTC medical community. Although most of the international guidelines on BTC management have not yet been updated, the recently published ASCO guidelines support the use of capecitabine in this setting. Several phase I to III clinical trials are currently evaluating the role of novel therapeutic approaches in patients with resected BTC, and the results of these studies are highly awaited.
2021
Rizzo A., Brandi G. (2021). Pitfalls, challenges, and updates in adjuvant systemic treatment for resected biliary tract cancer. EXPERT REVIEW OF GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY, 15(5), 547-554 [10.1080/17474124.2021.1890031].
Rizzo A.; Brandi G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/876450
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