Introduction: Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) constitute a heterogeneous group of poor-prognosis solid tumors with limited treatment options. In the last decade, global efforts have tried to identify therapeutic targets by genomic profiling of BTC, unveiling several genetic aberrations that could play a prognostic and/or a predictive role in these malignancies. Areas covered: In this review, we will present an overview regarding the role of HER2 targeted therapies in BTC, with a particular focus on clinical studies carried out in this field to date and ongoing trials. A literature search was conducted in August 2020 of Pubmed/Medline, Cochrane library and Scopus databases for published preclinical and clinical studies; moreover, abstract of international cancer meetings (AACR, ASCO, and ESMO) were reviewed. Expert opinion: Despite recent advances in medical oncology, the overall survival of BTC patients remains low and there is an urgent need for novel and more effective treatments. Although HER2 blockade has been suggested to induce durable tumor responses in selected subjects with BTC, controversial results have been reported so far and data from ongoing prospective clinical trials are awaited to further clarify the role of anti-HER2 therapies in BTC.

Experimental HER2- targeted therapies for biliary tract cancer

Rizzo A.;Ricci A. D.;Bonucci C.;Tober N.;Palloni A.;Frega G.;Brandi G.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) constitute a heterogeneous group of poor-prognosis solid tumors with limited treatment options. In the last decade, global efforts have tried to identify therapeutic targets by genomic profiling of BTC, unveiling several genetic aberrations that could play a prognostic and/or a predictive role in these malignancies. Areas covered: In this review, we will present an overview regarding the role of HER2 targeted therapies in BTC, with a particular focus on clinical studies carried out in this field to date and ongoing trials. A literature search was conducted in August 2020 of Pubmed/Medline, Cochrane library and Scopus databases for published preclinical and clinical studies; moreover, abstract of international cancer meetings (AACR, ASCO, and ESMO) were reviewed. Expert opinion: Despite recent advances in medical oncology, the overall survival of BTC patients remains low and there is an urgent need for novel and more effective treatments. Although HER2 blockade has been suggested to induce durable tumor responses in selected subjects with BTC, controversial results have been reported so far and data from ongoing prospective clinical trials are awaited to further clarify the role of anti-HER2 therapies in BTC.
Rizzo A.; Ricci A.D.; Bonucci C.; Tober N.; Palloni A.; Frega G.; Brandi G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/876390
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