Background and aims: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is indicated in cases with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). However, lesions detected by CE are frequently within the reach of conventional Upper or lower GI endoscopy. We evaluated the accuracy of CE in the study of OGIB, examining the incidence of CE detected non-small bowel lesions (NSBL) missed by conventional endoscopy and studying its impact on patient management. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 2010 CE procedures performed in a tertiary care center (IBD-Unit Referral Centre in Bologna), comparing the findings on CE to those on prior colonoscopy and upper GI endoscopy performed within 3 months and two weeks of the CE procedure, respectively. We evaluated the impact of CE findings on patient management. Results: CE revealed abnormal findings in 1608 out of 2010 patients. Previously missed NSBLs were revealed on CE in 283 cases. Of these, 265 pre-CE endoscopic reports were found to not conform to reporting guidelines. NSBLs on CE led to management changes in 271 patients. Conclusion: This study confirms the utility of CE in patients with OGIB. However, in a considerable number of cases, CE identified lesions missed by conventional endoscopy, suggesting that a second look prior to CE may be appropriate in some patients.

Capsule Endoscopy in the Detection of Non-Small Bowel Lesions Missed By Endoscopy

Calabrese Carlo
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Gelli Dania
Data Curation
;
Dussias Nikolas
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Melotti Laura
Methodology
;
Peruzzi Giulia
Methodology
;
Rizzello Fernando
Supervision
;
Gionchetti Paolo
Ultimo
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Background and aims: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is indicated in cases with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). However, lesions detected by CE are frequently within the reach of conventional Upper or lower GI endoscopy. We evaluated the accuracy of CE in the study of OGIB, examining the incidence of CE detected non-small bowel lesions (NSBL) missed by conventional endoscopy and studying its impact on patient management. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 2010 CE procedures performed in a tertiary care center (IBD-Unit Referral Centre in Bologna), comparing the findings on CE to those on prior colonoscopy and upper GI endoscopy performed within 3 months and two weeks of the CE procedure, respectively. We evaluated the impact of CE findings on patient management. Results: CE revealed abnormal findings in 1608 out of 2010 patients. Previously missed NSBLs were revealed on CE in 283 cases. Of these, 265 pre-CE endoscopic reports were found to not conform to reporting guidelines. NSBLs on CE led to management changes in 271 patients. Conclusion: This study confirms the utility of CE in patients with OGIB. However, in a considerable number of cases, CE identified lesions missed by conventional endoscopy, suggesting that a second look prior to CE may be appropriate in some patients.
Calabrese Carlo*, Gelli Dania, Dussias Nikolas, Melotti Laura, Peruzzi Giulia, Marco Salice, Rizzello Fernando, Gionchetti Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/874026
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