This review aimed to describe the potential role of occupational physician in the implementation of a screening program for Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection for gastric cancer prevention. We reviewed the epidemiological background of gastric cancer and its association with Hp, exploring the hypothesis of a “test-and-treat” protocol among working population. Clinical trials and model-based studies were collected to provided empirical evidence of the feasibility of eradication on large scale. In particular, previous studies conducted in occupational settings were discussed. Hp prevalence ranges between about 20 and 90%, with higher rates in Asia and Latin America and lower rates in Europe and North America. Large-scale trials on screening and treatment of infection have been conducted especially in East Asia, lacking elsewhere. Only few studies investigated Hp prevalence among workers. The benefit of eradication at occupational level has not yet been adequately studied. The design of a workplace-based Hp screening program appears to be innovative and could contribute to controlling gastric cancer. The benefit would involve not only high-risk subjects, but also their families, since the route of transmission is principally within the household. An occupational setting for a Hp screening would have positive consequences in terms of individual and public health.

The role of the occupational physician in controlling gastric cancer attributable to Helicobacter pylori infection: A review

Collatuzzo G.;Fiorini G.;Vaira B.;Violante F. S.;Farioli A.;Boffetta P.
2021

Abstract

This review aimed to describe the potential role of occupational physician in the implementation of a screening program for Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection for gastric cancer prevention. We reviewed the epidemiological background of gastric cancer and its association with Hp, exploring the hypothesis of a “test-and-treat” protocol among working population. Clinical trials and model-based studies were collected to provided empirical evidence of the feasibility of eradication on large scale. In particular, previous studies conducted in occupational settings were discussed. Hp prevalence ranges between about 20 and 90%, with higher rates in Asia and Latin America and lower rates in Europe and North America. Large-scale trials on screening and treatment of infection have been conducted especially in East Asia, lacking elsewhere. Only few studies investigated Hp prevalence among workers. The benefit of eradication at occupational level has not yet been adequately studied. The design of a workplace-based Hp screening program appears to be innovative and could contribute to controlling gastric cancer. The benefit would involve not only high-risk subjects, but also their families, since the route of transmission is principally within the household. An occupational setting for a Hp screening would have positive consequences in terms of individual and public health.
Collatuzzo G.; Fiorini G.; Vaira B.; Violante F.S.; Farioli A.; Boffetta P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/868781
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