Primary ventricular fibrillation (VF) complicating acute myocardial infarction (MI) predicts short-term mortality. The broad category of patients with primary VF might include subgroups with different outcomes. It is still not certain whether early-onset (less than or equal to 4 hours) primary VF is a risk predictor, and information on correlates of these early fibrillations is scarce. This study sought to prospectively analyze the incidence and prognosis of early, as opposed to late (time window >4 to 48 hours) primary VF and retrospectively identify predisposing factors for early-onset primary VF. We analyzed the incidence and recurrence rate of early and late primary VF in 9,720 patients with a first acute MI, treated with thrombolytics, enrolled in the Gruppo Italiano per to Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardico (GISSI)-2 trial, The independent prognostic significance of early and late primary VF was assessed by logistic regression analysis. The incidence rates of early and late primary VF were 3.1% and 0.6%, respectively; recurrence rates were 11% and 15%, respectively. The 2 variables most closely related to early primary VF were hypokalemia and systolic blood pressure <120 mm Hg on admission. Patients with early primary VF had a more complicated in-hospital course than matched controls. Both early (odds ratio [OR] 2.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.48 to 4.13) and late primary VF (OR 3.97, 95% CI 1.51 to 10.48) were independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Postdischarge to 6-month death rates were similar for both primary VF subgroups and controls. Primary VF, irrespective of its timing, was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality, Postdischarge to 6-month prognosis was unaffected by the occurrence of either early or late primary VF, (C)1998 by Excerpta Medico, Inc.

Incidence and prognosis of early primary ventricular fibrillation in acute myocardial infarction - Results of the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardico (GISSI-2) database

Negri E
1998

Abstract

Primary ventricular fibrillation (VF) complicating acute myocardial infarction (MI) predicts short-term mortality. The broad category of patients with primary VF might include subgroups with different outcomes. It is still not certain whether early-onset (less than or equal to 4 hours) primary VF is a risk predictor, and information on correlates of these early fibrillations is scarce. This study sought to prospectively analyze the incidence and prognosis of early, as opposed to late (time window >4 to 48 hours) primary VF and retrospectively identify predisposing factors for early-onset primary VF. We analyzed the incidence and recurrence rate of early and late primary VF in 9,720 patients with a first acute MI, treated with thrombolytics, enrolled in the Gruppo Italiano per to Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardico (GISSI)-2 trial, The independent prognostic significance of early and late primary VF was assessed by logistic regression analysis. The incidence rates of early and late primary VF were 3.1% and 0.6%, respectively; recurrence rates were 11% and 15%, respectively. The 2 variables most closely related to early primary VF were hypokalemia and systolic blood pressure <120 mm Hg on admission. Patients with early primary VF had a more complicated in-hospital course than matched controls. Both early (odds ratio [OR] 2.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.48 to 4.13) and late primary VF (OR 3.97, 95% CI 1.51 to 10.48) were independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Postdischarge to 6-month death rates were similar for both primary VF subgroups and controls. Primary VF, irrespective of its timing, was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality, Postdischarge to 6-month prognosis was unaffected by the occurrence of either early or late primary VF, (C)1998 by Excerpta Medico, Inc.
Volpi A; Cavalli A; Santoro L; Negri E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/866198
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