Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often persists into adult-hood. The Italian situation regarding the clinical management of childhood ADHD shows some criticalities, despite the high preva-lence rate: diagnostic assessments are often inaccurate, protocols for transition from childcare services are almost non-existent and theItalian National Registry for ADHD in childhood was drawn up only in 2007, hence the first specialized services were created laterthan the rest of Europe. On the basis of these issues, we investigated the Italian situation with regard to disorders in adulthood, com-paring the different European operational models, assuming that these critical issues are reflected in the clinical management of thedisorder in adulthood. In fact, unlike other European countries, there are no official guidelines governing the clinical management ofthe disorder in adulthood and evidence-based pharmacotherapies, available in most European countries, are off-label or not allowedin Italy. The aim of the study is to evaluate the current state of knowledge and working method in relation to adult ADHD in the Ital-ian background and to identify the main evaluation and treatment pathways in Italian Mental Health Services. The study is also an at-tempt to clarify which services are operational on the Italian territory, with the aim of improving the quality of interventions for theclinical population. Three hundred thirty-eight services have been identified in all Italian Regions and Autonomous Provinces, includ-ing Mental Health Centres (CSM), Pathological Addition Services (SERD), Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment Services (SPDC). Anad-hoc survey with closed-ended questions was administered by telephone to each selected centre and the results were compared withthe European literature.

Adult ADHD: a study on evaluation and treatment pathways in Italian Mental Health Services. A black hole in the National System and the European Health System

CHIARA RAFANELLI;
2021

Abstract

Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often persists into adult-hood. The Italian situation regarding the clinical management of childhood ADHD shows some criticalities, despite the high preva-lence rate: diagnostic assessments are often inaccurate, protocols for transition from childcare services are almost non-existent and theItalian National Registry for ADHD in childhood was drawn up only in 2007, hence the first specialized services were created laterthan the rest of Europe. On the basis of these issues, we investigated the Italian situation with regard to disorders in adulthood, com-paring the different European operational models, assuming that these critical issues are reflected in the clinical management of thedisorder in adulthood. In fact, unlike other European countries, there are no official guidelines governing the clinical management ofthe disorder in adulthood and evidence-based pharmacotherapies, available in most European countries, are off-label or not allowedin Italy. The aim of the study is to evaluate the current state of knowledge and working method in relation to adult ADHD in the Ital-ian background and to identify the main evaluation and treatment pathways in Italian Mental Health Services. The study is also an at-tempt to clarify which services are operational on the Italian territory, with the aim of improving the quality of interventions for theclinical population. Three hundred thirty-eight services have been identified in all Italian Regions and Autonomous Provinces, includ-ing Mental Health Centres (CSM), Pathological Addition Services (SERD), Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment Services (SPDC). Anad-hoc survey with closed-ended questions was administered by telephone to each selected centre and the results were compared withthe European literature.
ANDREAS CONCA, AGNESE RAPONI, GLORIA GOZZI, SARA TOMMASINO, ANNALISA MORSIANI,CHIARA RAFANELLI, MARCO INNAMORATI, SONIA HOLZER, GIANCARLO GIUPPONI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/863511
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