Introduction: Although transient deep and giant negative T waves (NTWs) may develop during myocardial injury (MI) in humans, no data exist on this repolarization abnormality in canine MI. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the occurrence of transient deep/giant NTWs in dogs with MI. Animals, Materials and Methods: Medical records were retrospectively searched to identify dogs with MI and transient deep/giant NTWs. Signalment, history, and selected diagnostic test results were reviewed. Data analysis was descriptive. Results: Six cases were diagnosed with MI associated with deep (n = 1) and giant (n = 5) transient NTWs. Myocardial injury was classified as acute in all cases and was due to snake envenomation (n = 3), sepsis (n = 2), and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 1). At the time of deep/giant NTWs identification, all dogs had elevated cardiac troponin I and ≥1 echocardiographic abnormality of the left ventricular structure and/or function. Moreover, all dogs with giant NTWs had prolonged QT intervals. After the MI resolution, T-wave polarity and QT-interval duration became normalized in all dogs. Moreover, left ventricular morphological and functional parameters were completely normalized in four dogs. In contrast, ventricular echogenicity remained heterogeneous in two dogs, despite otherwise normalized ventricular parameters. Five dogs were still alive at the conclusion of the study. Conclusions: Transient deep/giant NTWs may develop in dogs with acute MI and T-wave polarity changes seem to occur synchronously with the evolution of myocardial damage. Moreover, transient deep/giant NTWs seem associated with a favorable prognosis in canine MI.

Romito G., Cipone M. (2021). Transient deep and giant negative T waves in dogs with myocardial injury. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY CARDIOLOGY, 36, 131-140 [10.1016/j.jvc.2021.05.009].

Transient deep and giant negative T waves in dogs with myocardial injury

Romito G.
Primo
;
Cipone M.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Although transient deep and giant negative T waves (NTWs) may develop during myocardial injury (MI) in humans, no data exist on this repolarization abnormality in canine MI. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the occurrence of transient deep/giant NTWs in dogs with MI. Animals, Materials and Methods: Medical records were retrospectively searched to identify dogs with MI and transient deep/giant NTWs. Signalment, history, and selected diagnostic test results were reviewed. Data analysis was descriptive. Results: Six cases were diagnosed with MI associated with deep (n = 1) and giant (n = 5) transient NTWs. Myocardial injury was classified as acute in all cases and was due to snake envenomation (n = 3), sepsis (n = 2), and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 1). At the time of deep/giant NTWs identification, all dogs had elevated cardiac troponin I and ≥1 echocardiographic abnormality of the left ventricular structure and/or function. Moreover, all dogs with giant NTWs had prolonged QT intervals. After the MI resolution, T-wave polarity and QT-interval duration became normalized in all dogs. Moreover, left ventricular morphological and functional parameters were completely normalized in four dogs. In contrast, ventricular echogenicity remained heterogeneous in two dogs, despite otherwise normalized ventricular parameters. Five dogs were still alive at the conclusion of the study. Conclusions: Transient deep/giant NTWs may develop in dogs with acute MI and T-wave polarity changes seem to occur synchronously with the evolution of myocardial damage. Moreover, transient deep/giant NTWs seem associated with a favorable prognosis in canine MI.
2021
Romito G., Cipone M. (2021). Transient deep and giant negative T waves in dogs with myocardial injury. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY CARDIOLOGY, 36, 131-140 [10.1016/j.jvc.2021.05.009].
Romito G.; Cipone M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/860777
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