Background and aims: The glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) analogue, teduglutide, allows to reduce the intravenous supplementation (IVS) dependency of patients with short bowel syndrome and intestinal failure (SBS-IF). The rate of candidacy of SBS-IF patients for the treatment is unknown. The candidacy for teduglutide treatment of our patient cohort was investigated by a systematic analysis. Methods: The indications, contraindications, special warnings and precautions for use of teduglutide, listed in the drug monographs and in the phase-III trial protocol were adopted to categorize the patients as non-candidates (NC), potential candidates (PC) or straight candidates (SC) for the treatment. All the SBS-IF adult patients who were cured at our centre were assessed according to their clinical status on January 1st, 2020. Results: Seventy-nine patients were evaluated: 34.2% were NC due to risk of digestive malignancy, recent history of any other cancer, or listing for intestinal transplantation; 30.4% were PC, because of other premalignant conditions, risk of intestinal obstruction, entero-cutaneous fistulas, or severe co-morbidities; 35.4% were SC. The SC group showed the lowest requirement of IVS: the lowest number of days of infusion per week (p = 0.0054), the lowest amount of energy (p = 0.0110) and volume (p = 0.0136). Conclusions: This systematic analysis allowed a pragmatic categorization of the candidacy of patients with SBS-IF for GLP-2 analogue treatment. The SC group appeared to have the highest probability of a successful response to the treatment. A systematic analysis of SBS-IF patient candidate for GLP-2 analogue therapy would allow a homogeneous patient selection and facilitate the worldwide comparison of the results of clinical practice and research.

Candidacy of adult patients with short bowel syndrome for treatment with glucagon-like peptide-2 analogues: A systematic analysis of a single centre cohort

Pironi L.
Conceptualization
;
Sasdelli A. S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Venerito F. M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Musio A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Guidetti M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2021

Abstract

Background and aims: The glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) analogue, teduglutide, allows to reduce the intravenous supplementation (IVS) dependency of patients with short bowel syndrome and intestinal failure (SBS-IF). The rate of candidacy of SBS-IF patients for the treatment is unknown. The candidacy for teduglutide treatment of our patient cohort was investigated by a systematic analysis. Methods: The indications, contraindications, special warnings and precautions for use of teduglutide, listed in the drug monographs and in the phase-III trial protocol were adopted to categorize the patients as non-candidates (NC), potential candidates (PC) or straight candidates (SC) for the treatment. All the SBS-IF adult patients who were cured at our centre were assessed according to their clinical status on January 1st, 2020. Results: Seventy-nine patients were evaluated: 34.2% were NC due to risk of digestive malignancy, recent history of any other cancer, or listing for intestinal transplantation; 30.4% were PC, because of other premalignant conditions, risk of intestinal obstruction, entero-cutaneous fistulas, or severe co-morbidities; 35.4% were SC. The SC group showed the lowest requirement of IVS: the lowest number of days of infusion per week (p = 0.0054), the lowest amount of energy (p = 0.0110) and volume (p = 0.0136). Conclusions: This systematic analysis allowed a pragmatic categorization of the candidacy of patients with SBS-IF for GLP-2 analogue treatment. The SC group appeared to have the highest probability of a successful response to the treatment. A systematic analysis of SBS-IF patient candidate for GLP-2 analogue therapy would allow a homogeneous patient selection and facilitate the worldwide comparison of the results of clinical practice and research.
Pironi L.; Sasdelli A.S.; Venerito F.M.; Musio A.; Pazzeschi C.; Guidetti M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/860506
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