Background: Hemiparesis caused by a stroke negatively limits a patient's motor function. Nowadays, innovative technologies such as robots are commonly used in upper limb rehabilitation. The main goal of robot-aided therapy is to provide a maximum number of stimuli in order to stimulate brain neuroplasticity. Treatment applied in this study via the AMADEO robot aimed to improve finger flexion and extension. Aim: To assess the effect of rehabilitation assisted by a robot and enhanced by surface EMG. Research project: Before-after study design. Materials and methods: The study group consisted of 10 post-stroke patients enrolled for therapy with the AMADEO robot for at least 15 sessions. At the beginning and at the end of treatment, the following tests were used for clinical assessment: Fugl-Meyer scale, Box and Block test and Nine Hole Peg test. In the present study, we used surface electromyography (sEMG) to maintain optimal kinematics of hand motion. Whereas sensorial feedback, provided by the robot, was vital in obtaining closed-loop control. Thus, muscle contraction was transmitted to the amplifier through sEMG, activating the mechanism of the robot. Consequentially, sensorial feedback was provided to the patient. Results: Statistically significant improvement of upper limb function was observed in: Fugl-Meyer (p = 0.38) and Box and Block (p = 0.27). The Nine Hole Peg Test did not show statistically significant changes in motor skills of the hand. However, the functional improvement was observed at the level of 6% in the Fugl-Meyer, 15% in the Box and Block, and 2% in the Nine Hole Peg test. Conclusions: Results showed improvement in hand grasp and overall function of the upper limb. Due to sEMG, it was possible to implement robot therapy in the treatment of patients with severe hand impairment.

Dziemian K., Kiper A., Baba A., Baldan F., Alhelou M., Agostini M., et al. (2017). The effect of robot therapy assisted by surface EMG on hand recovery in post-stroke patients. A pilot study. REHABILITACJA MEDYCZNA, 21(4), 4-10 [10.5604/01.3001.0011.7401].

The effect of robot therapy assisted by surface EMG on hand recovery in post-stroke patients. A pilot study

Turolla A.;
2017

Abstract

Background: Hemiparesis caused by a stroke negatively limits a patient's motor function. Nowadays, innovative technologies such as robots are commonly used in upper limb rehabilitation. The main goal of robot-aided therapy is to provide a maximum number of stimuli in order to stimulate brain neuroplasticity. Treatment applied in this study via the AMADEO robot aimed to improve finger flexion and extension. Aim: To assess the effect of rehabilitation assisted by a robot and enhanced by surface EMG. Research project: Before-after study design. Materials and methods: The study group consisted of 10 post-stroke patients enrolled for therapy with the AMADEO robot for at least 15 sessions. At the beginning and at the end of treatment, the following tests were used for clinical assessment: Fugl-Meyer scale, Box and Block test and Nine Hole Peg test. In the present study, we used surface electromyography (sEMG) to maintain optimal kinematics of hand motion. Whereas sensorial feedback, provided by the robot, was vital in obtaining closed-loop control. Thus, muscle contraction was transmitted to the amplifier through sEMG, activating the mechanism of the robot. Consequentially, sensorial feedback was provided to the patient. Results: Statistically significant improvement of upper limb function was observed in: Fugl-Meyer (p = 0.38) and Box and Block (p = 0.27). The Nine Hole Peg Test did not show statistically significant changes in motor skills of the hand. However, the functional improvement was observed at the level of 6% in the Fugl-Meyer, 15% in the Box and Block, and 2% in the Nine Hole Peg test. Conclusions: Results showed improvement in hand grasp and overall function of the upper limb. Due to sEMG, it was possible to implement robot therapy in the treatment of patients with severe hand impairment.
2017
Dziemian K., Kiper A., Baba A., Baldan F., Alhelou M., Agostini M., et al. (2017). The effect of robot therapy assisted by surface EMG on hand recovery in post-stroke patients. A pilot study. REHABILITACJA MEDYCZNA, 21(4), 4-10 [10.5604/01.3001.0011.7401].
Dziemian K.; Kiper A.; Baba A.; Baldan F.; Alhelou M.; Agostini M.; Turolla A.; Kiper P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/858382
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