The anterolateral ligament (ALL) has been suggested as an important secondary knee restrain on the dynamic laxity in anterior cruciate ligament- (ACL-) deficient knees. Nevertheless, its kinematical contribution to the pivot-shift (PS) phenomenon has not been clearly and objectively defined, and noninvasive sensor technology could give a crucial contribution in this direction. The aim of the present study was to quantify in vitro the PS phenomenon in order to investigate the differences between an ACL-deficient knee and an ACL+ALL-deficient knee. Ten fresh-frozen paired human cadaveric knees (n=20) were included in this controlled laboratory study. Intact, ACL-deficient, and ACL+ALL-deficient knees were subjected to a manual PS test quantified by a noninvasive triaxial accelerometer (KiRA, OrthoKey). Kinematic data (i.e., posterior acceleration of the tibial lateral compartment) were recorded and compared among the three statuses. Pairwise Student's t-test was used to compare the single groups (p<0.05). Intact knees, ACL-deficient knees, and ACL+ALL-deficient knees showed an acceleration of 5.3±2.1 m/s2, 6.3±2.3 m/s2, and 7.8±2.1 m/s2, respectively. Combined sectioning of ACL and ALL resulted in a statistically significant acceleration increase compared to both the intact state (p<0.01) and the ACL-deficient state (p<0.01). The acceleration increase determined by isolated ACL resection compared to the intact state was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The ALL sectioning increased the rotatory laxity during the PS after ACL sectioning as measured through a user-friendly, noninvasive triaxial accelerometer.

Increased Rotatory Laxity after Anterolateral Ligament Lesion in Anterior Cruciate Ligament- (ACL-) Deficient Knees: A Cadaveric Study with Noninvasive Inertial Sensors

Grassi A.;Roberti Di Sarsina T.;Di Paolo S.;Signorelli C.;Bonanzinga T.;Raggi F.;Mosca M.;Zaffagnini S.
2021

Abstract

The anterolateral ligament (ALL) has been suggested as an important secondary knee restrain on the dynamic laxity in anterior cruciate ligament- (ACL-) deficient knees. Nevertheless, its kinematical contribution to the pivot-shift (PS) phenomenon has not been clearly and objectively defined, and noninvasive sensor technology could give a crucial contribution in this direction. The aim of the present study was to quantify in vitro the PS phenomenon in order to investigate the differences between an ACL-deficient knee and an ACL+ALL-deficient knee. Ten fresh-frozen paired human cadaveric knees (n=20) were included in this controlled laboratory study. Intact, ACL-deficient, and ACL+ALL-deficient knees were subjected to a manual PS test quantified by a noninvasive triaxial accelerometer (KiRA, OrthoKey). Kinematic data (i.e., posterior acceleration of the tibial lateral compartment) were recorded and compared among the three statuses. Pairwise Student's t-test was used to compare the single groups (p<0.05). Intact knees, ACL-deficient knees, and ACL+ALL-deficient knees showed an acceleration of 5.3±2.1 m/s2, 6.3±2.3 m/s2, and 7.8±2.1 m/s2, respectively. Combined sectioning of ACL and ALL resulted in a statistically significant acceleration increase compared to both the intact state (p<0.01) and the ACL-deficient state (p<0.01). The acceleration increase determined by isolated ACL resection compared to the intact state was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The ALL sectioning increased the rotatory laxity during the PS after ACL sectioning as measured through a user-friendly, noninvasive triaxial accelerometer.
BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
Grassi A.; Roberti Di Sarsina T.; Di Paolo S.; Signorelli C.; Bonanzinga T.; Raggi F.; Mosca M.; Zaffagnini S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/858276
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