Our laboratory has pursued the generation of cancer‐specific oncolytic herpes simplex viruses (oHSVs) which ensure high efficacy while maintaining a high safety profile. Their blueprint included retargeting to a Tumor‐Associated Antigen, e.g., HER2, coupled to detargeting from natural receptors to avoid off‐target and off‐tumor infections and preservation of the full complement of unmodified viral genes. These oHSVs are “fully virulent in their target cancer cells”. The 3rd generation retargeted oHSVs carry two distinct retargeting moieties, which enable infection of a producer cell line and of the target cancer cells, respectively. They can be propagated in an ad hoc Vero cell derivative at about tenfold higher yields than 1st generation recombinants, and more effectively replicate in human cancer cell lines. The R‐335 and R‐337 prototypes were armed with murine IL‐12. Intratumorally‐administered R‐337 conferred almost complete protection from LLC‐ 1‐HER2 primary tumors, unleashed the tumor microenvironment immunosuppression, synergized with the checkpoint blockade and conferred long‐term vaccination against distant challenge tumors. In summary, the problem intrinsic to the propagation of retargeted oHSVs—which strictly require cells positive for targeted receptors—was solved in 3rd generation viruses. They are effective as immunotherapeutic agents against primary tumors and as antigen‐agnostic vaccines.

Immunotherapeutic efficacy of retargeted ohsvs designed for propagation in an ad hoc cell line

Vannini A.
Investigation
;
Leoni V.
Investigation
;
Sanapo M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Gianni T.
Investigation
;
Giordani G.
Investigation
;
Gatta V.
Investigation
;
Barboni C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Zaghini A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Campadelli-fiume G.
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Our laboratory has pursued the generation of cancer‐specific oncolytic herpes simplex viruses (oHSVs) which ensure high efficacy while maintaining a high safety profile. Their blueprint included retargeting to a Tumor‐Associated Antigen, e.g., HER2, coupled to detargeting from natural receptors to avoid off‐target and off‐tumor infections and preservation of the full complement of unmodified viral genes. These oHSVs are “fully virulent in their target cancer cells”. The 3rd generation retargeted oHSVs carry two distinct retargeting moieties, which enable infection of a producer cell line and of the target cancer cells, respectively. They can be propagated in an ad hoc Vero cell derivative at about tenfold higher yields than 1st generation recombinants, and more effectively replicate in human cancer cell lines. The R‐335 and R‐337 prototypes were armed with murine IL‐12. Intratumorally‐administered R‐337 conferred almost complete protection from LLC‐ 1‐HER2 primary tumors, unleashed the tumor microenvironment immunosuppression, synergized with the checkpoint blockade and conferred long‐term vaccination against distant challenge tumors. In summary, the problem intrinsic to the propagation of retargeted oHSVs—which strictly require cells positive for targeted receptors—was solved in 3rd generation viruses. They are effective as immunotherapeutic agents against primary tumors and as antigen‐agnostic vaccines.
Vannini A.; Leoni V.; Sanapo M.; Gianni T.; Giordani G.; Gatta V.; Barboni C.; Zaghini A.; Campadelli-fiume G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/858069
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