Background: Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) is a monogenic, autosomal, dominant disease that results in beta-cells dysfunction with consequent hyperglycaemia. It represents a rare form of diabetes (1–2% of all the cases). Sulphonylureas (SUs) represent the first-line treatment for this form of diabetes mellitus. NEUROD1 is expressed by the nervous and the pancreatic tissues, and it is necessary for the proper development of beta cells. A neurogenic differentiation factor 1 (NEUROD1) gene mutation causes beta-cells dysfunction, inadequate insulin secretion, and hyperglycaemia (MODY 6). Case presentation: We have documented a new missense mutation (p.Met114Leu c.340A > C) of the NEUROD1 gene, pathogenetic for diabetes mellitus, in a 48 years-old man affected by diabetes since the age of 25 and treated with insulin basal-bolus therapy. Unfortunately, an attempt to replace rapid insulin with dapagliflozin has failed. However, after the genetic diagnosis of MODY6 and treatment with SUs, he was otherwise able to suspend rapid insulin and close glucose monitoring. Interestingly, our patient had an early onset dilated cardiomyopathy, though no data about cardiac diseases in patients with MODY 6 are available. Conclusions: Diagnostic criteria for MODY can overlap with other kinds of diabetes and most cases of genetic diabetes are still misdiagnosed as diabetes type 1 or 2. We encourage to suspect this disease in patients with a strong family history of diabetes, normal BMI, early-onset, and no autoimmunity. The appropriate therapy simplifies disease management and improves the quality of the patient’s life.

NEUROD1 mutation in an Italian patient with maturity onset diabetes of the young 6: a case report

Brodosi L.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Baracco B.
Secondo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Pironi L.
Ultimo
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Background: Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) is a monogenic, autosomal, dominant disease that results in beta-cells dysfunction with consequent hyperglycaemia. It represents a rare form of diabetes (1–2% of all the cases). Sulphonylureas (SUs) represent the first-line treatment for this form of diabetes mellitus. NEUROD1 is expressed by the nervous and the pancreatic tissues, and it is necessary for the proper development of beta cells. A neurogenic differentiation factor 1 (NEUROD1) gene mutation causes beta-cells dysfunction, inadequate insulin secretion, and hyperglycaemia (MODY 6). Case presentation: We have documented a new missense mutation (p.Met114Leu c.340A > C) of the NEUROD1 gene, pathogenetic for diabetes mellitus, in a 48 years-old man affected by diabetes since the age of 25 and treated with insulin basal-bolus therapy. Unfortunately, an attempt to replace rapid insulin with dapagliflozin has failed. However, after the genetic diagnosis of MODY6 and treatment with SUs, he was otherwise able to suspend rapid insulin and close glucose monitoring. Interestingly, our patient had an early onset dilated cardiomyopathy, though no data about cardiac diseases in patients with MODY 6 are available. Conclusions: Diagnostic criteria for MODY can overlap with other kinds of diabetes and most cases of genetic diabetes are still misdiagnosed as diabetes type 1 or 2. We encourage to suspect this disease in patients with a strong family history of diabetes, normal BMI, early-onset, and no autoimmunity. The appropriate therapy simplifies disease management and improves the quality of the patient’s life.
Brodosi L.; Baracco B.; Mantovani V.; Pironi L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/857970
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