The presence and cellular distribution of Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) in ejaculated, capacitated and acrosome-reacted boar spermatozoa was evaluated by immunofluorescence and Western Blot; the role of Hsp70 during fertilization was also studied. In freshly ejaculated spermatozoa, Hsp70 immunoreactivity is present in a well defined triangular-shaped area in the equatorial segment that seems to correspond to the equatorial sub-segment. The distribution of the fluorescent signal changes in capacitated sperm, that exhibit different patterns probably in relation to the stage of capacitation of individual cells; after acrosome reaction Hsp70 immunoreactivity is localized on both a thick sub-equatorial band and a triangle in the equatorial segment. In reacted spermatozoa, Hsp70 seems to be not only relocalized but also translocated from the inner to the outer leaflet of the sperm plasma membrane, as a significant (P<0.05) increase in the proportion of unfixed cells showing the fluorescent signal has been recorded. No differences in Hsp70 amount between fresh, capacitated and reacted semen were observed by Western blot. The presence of anti-Hsp70 antibody in the fertilization medium significantly reduced, in a concentration-dependent manner, the fertilization rate of both zona-intact and zona-free oocytes. The overall data demonstrate that Hsp70 is present on boar sperm with a dynamic redistribution as the sperm undergoes capacitation and acrosome reaction and suggest an important role of this protein during porcine gamete interaction.

IMMUNOLOCALIZATION OF HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN 70 (HSP 70) IN BOAR SPERMATOZOA AND ITS ROLE DURING FERTILIZATION

SPINACI, MARCELLA;VOLPE, SARA;BERNARDINI, CHIARA;DE AMBROGI, MARCO;TAMANINI, CARLO;SEREN, ERALDO;GALEATI, GIOVANNA
2005

Abstract

The presence and cellular distribution of Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) in ejaculated, capacitated and acrosome-reacted boar spermatozoa was evaluated by immunofluorescence and Western Blot; the role of Hsp70 during fertilization was also studied. In freshly ejaculated spermatozoa, Hsp70 immunoreactivity is present in a well defined triangular-shaped area in the equatorial segment that seems to correspond to the equatorial sub-segment. The distribution of the fluorescent signal changes in capacitated sperm, that exhibit different patterns probably in relation to the stage of capacitation of individual cells; after acrosome reaction Hsp70 immunoreactivity is localized on both a thick sub-equatorial band and a triangle in the equatorial segment. In reacted spermatozoa, Hsp70 seems to be not only relocalized but also translocated from the inner to the outer leaflet of the sperm plasma membrane, as a significant (P<0.05) increase in the proportion of unfixed cells showing the fluorescent signal has been recorded. No differences in Hsp70 amount between fresh, capacitated and reacted semen were observed by Western blot. The presence of anti-Hsp70 antibody in the fertilization medium significantly reduced, in a concentration-dependent manner, the fertilization rate of both zona-intact and zona-free oocytes. The overall data demonstrate that Hsp70 is present on boar sperm with a dynamic redistribution as the sperm undergoes capacitation and acrosome reaction and suggest an important role of this protein during porcine gamete interaction.
Spinaci M.; Volpe S.; Bernardini C.; De Ambrogi M.; Tamanini C.; Seren E.; Galeati G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/8570
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