Introduction: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a rare, highly disabling, life-threatening condition due to extensive intestinal resections, characterized by diarrhea, malabsorption, and malnutrition. SBS is the main cause of intestinal failure (SBS-IF). The primary therapy for SBS-IF is intravenous supplementation (IVS) of nutrients. The pharmacological therapy aims to improve the remnant bowel function, leading to the decrease of IVS requirement. Areas covered: This review provides a safety perspective and discusses unmet clinical needs on pharmacotherapy for SBS, ranging from symptomatic agents traditionally used off-label to manage hypersecretion and diarrhea, to curative drugs with selective intestinotrophic properties. Real-world evidence on symptomatic drugs is lacking. Data on teduglutide–the first-in-class glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) receptor agonist approved in SBS–are mainly derived from clinical trials, with several unsettled safety issues, including the risk of malignancies. Expert opinion: Defining the long-term safety of drugs used for SBS is a priority; a unified list of commonly used drugs with consolidated proof of effectiveness is needed to harmonize the symptomatic pharmacological approach to SBS. GLP-2 receptor agonists are a promising curative pharmaco-therapeutic approach, although long-term safety and effectiveness deserve further real-world assessment. Pharmacovigilance and global data sharing are crucial to support safe prescribing in SBS.

The safety of available treatment options for short bowel syndrome and unmet needs

Pironi L.;Raschi E.;Sasdelli A. S.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a rare, highly disabling, life-threatening condition due to extensive intestinal resections, characterized by diarrhea, malabsorption, and malnutrition. SBS is the main cause of intestinal failure (SBS-IF). The primary therapy for SBS-IF is intravenous supplementation (IVS) of nutrients. The pharmacological therapy aims to improve the remnant bowel function, leading to the decrease of IVS requirement. Areas covered: This review provides a safety perspective and discusses unmet clinical needs on pharmacotherapy for SBS, ranging from symptomatic agents traditionally used off-label to manage hypersecretion and diarrhea, to curative drugs with selective intestinotrophic properties. Real-world evidence on symptomatic drugs is lacking. Data on teduglutide–the first-in-class glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) receptor agonist approved in SBS–are mainly derived from clinical trials, with several unsettled safety issues, including the risk of malignancies. Expert opinion: Defining the long-term safety of drugs used for SBS is a priority; a unified list of commonly used drugs with consolidated proof of effectiveness is needed to harmonize the symptomatic pharmacological approach to SBS. GLP-2 receptor agonists are a promising curative pharmaco-therapeutic approach, although long-term safety and effectiveness deserve further real-world assessment. Pharmacovigilance and global data sharing are crucial to support safe prescribing in SBS.
Pironi L.; Raschi E.; Sasdelli A.S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/856409
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