STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical and video-polysomnographic features of disorders of arousal (DoA) in older adults. METHODS: Four consecutive male patients with nocturnal motor behaviors underwent a clinical interview, neurologic examination, laboratory tests, brain magnetic resonance imaging, and nocturnal in-laboratory or 24- to 48-hour home video polysomnography. The patients repeated an evaluation after 6 months of follow-up, including a 48-hour home video polysomnography in 2 patients. RESULTS: The patients were aged 65-72 years, and 1 patient has Parkinson disease. Sleep-related behavioral episodes had begun from 12-55 years before our observation. Three patients presented with a positive family history for DoA. Sleep motor episodes were described as suddenly raising the head or trunk, sitting in bed, screaming, speaking, gesturing, and sleepwalking (in 1 patient). When questioned, all patients seemed confused, rarely reporting any dream-like content. We recorded 25 DoA episodes of different intensity and complexity arising from nonrapid eye movement sleep. The semiology of the episodes was similar to that described in younger patients, consisting of sleep terrors and confusional arousals. All patients presented with physiological rapid eye movement sleep muscle atonia. Medication therapy reduced the frequency of the episodes in 2/4 patients. CONCLUSIONS: DoA may begin in adulthood and persist or arise in older adults, sometimes causing sleep-related injuries. Motor patterns of DoA in older adults are similar to those of younger patients. A combined clinical examination and video polysomnography recording are crucial in establishing a definitive diagnosis of nocturnal motor behavior in all older adults and especially in those affected by neurodegenerative diseases. CITATION: Loddo G, Fragiacomo F, Mainieri G, et al. Disorders of arousal in 4 older men: evidence from clinical practice. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(1):129-136.

Disorders of arousal in 4 older men: evidence from clinical practice

Loddo G.;Mainieri G.;Mondini S.;Buzzi G.;Calandra Buonaura G.;Provini F.
2022

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical and video-polysomnographic features of disorders of arousal (DoA) in older adults. METHODS: Four consecutive male patients with nocturnal motor behaviors underwent a clinical interview, neurologic examination, laboratory tests, brain magnetic resonance imaging, and nocturnal in-laboratory or 24- to 48-hour home video polysomnography. The patients repeated an evaluation after 6 months of follow-up, including a 48-hour home video polysomnography in 2 patients. RESULTS: The patients were aged 65-72 years, and 1 patient has Parkinson disease. Sleep-related behavioral episodes had begun from 12-55 years before our observation. Three patients presented with a positive family history for DoA. Sleep motor episodes were described as suddenly raising the head or trunk, sitting in bed, screaming, speaking, gesturing, and sleepwalking (in 1 patient). When questioned, all patients seemed confused, rarely reporting any dream-like content. We recorded 25 DoA episodes of different intensity and complexity arising from nonrapid eye movement sleep. The semiology of the episodes was similar to that described in younger patients, consisting of sleep terrors and confusional arousals. All patients presented with physiological rapid eye movement sleep muscle atonia. Medication therapy reduced the frequency of the episodes in 2/4 patients. CONCLUSIONS: DoA may begin in adulthood and persist or arise in older adults, sometimes causing sleep-related injuries. Motor patterns of DoA in older adults are similar to those of younger patients. A combined clinical examination and video polysomnography recording are crucial in establishing a definitive diagnosis of nocturnal motor behavior in all older adults and especially in those affected by neurodegenerative diseases. CITATION: Loddo G, Fragiacomo F, Mainieri G, et al. Disorders of arousal in 4 older men: evidence from clinical practice. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(1):129-136.
Loddo G.; Fragiacomo F.; Mainieri G.; Mondini S.; Buzzi G.; Calandra Buonaura G.; Provini F.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/854465
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact