This study evaluates the transcriptional profiles of genes related to physiological responses in digestive glands (DG) of Mytilus galloprovincialis under the influence of seasonal changes of environmental variables, gender bias, and gonadal development. Composition of the DG microbiome was also explored. Mussels were collected across 7 months encompassing 3 seasons from a farm in the Northwestern Adriatic Sea. All gene products showed complex transcriptional patterns across seasons. Salinity, surface oxygen and transparency significantly correlate with transcriptional profiles of males, whereas in females temperature and gonadal maturation mostly explained the observed transcriptional changes. Seasonal variations and gender-specific differences were observed in DG microbiome composition, with variations resembling metabolic accommodations likely facing season progression and reproductive cycle. Results provide baseline information to improve actual monitoring strategies of mussel farming conditions and forecast potential detrimental impacts of climatological/environmental changes in the study area.

Variability of metabolic, protective, antioxidant, and lysosomal gene transcriptional profiles and microbiota composition of Mytilus galloprovincialis farmed in the North Adriatic Sea (Italy)

Musella M.;Valbonesi P.;Candela M.;Franzellitti S.
2021

Abstract

This study evaluates the transcriptional profiles of genes related to physiological responses in digestive glands (DG) of Mytilus galloprovincialis under the influence of seasonal changes of environmental variables, gender bias, and gonadal development. Composition of the DG microbiome was also explored. Mussels were collected across 7 months encompassing 3 seasons from a farm in the Northwestern Adriatic Sea. All gene products showed complex transcriptional patterns across seasons. Salinity, surface oxygen and transparency significantly correlate with transcriptional profiles of males, whereas in females temperature and gonadal maturation mostly explained the observed transcriptional changes. Seasonal variations and gender-specific differences were observed in DG microbiome composition, with variations resembling metabolic accommodations likely facing season progression and reproductive cycle. Results provide baseline information to improve actual monitoring strategies of mussel farming conditions and forecast potential detrimental impacts of climatological/environmental changes in the study area.
Wathsala R.H.G.R.; Musella M.; Valbonesi P.; Candela M.; Franzellitti S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/854458
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