Introduction: Few data are available regarding the trend of IgA anti-transglutaminase antibodies (TGA-IgA) in children with celiac disease (CD) on a gluten-free diet (GFD). Our aim is to examine the normalization time of CD serology in a large pediatric population, and its predictors. Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated the normalization time of TGA-IgA and its predictive factors (age, sex, ethnicity, symptoms, associated diabetes/thyroiditis, Marsh stage, TGA-IgA and endomysial antibody levels at diagnosis, diet adherence), in 1024 children diagnosed from 2000 to 2019 in three pediatric Italian centers, on a GFD. Results: TGA-IgA remission was reached in 67,3%, 80,7%, 89,8% and 94,9% after 12, 18, 24 and 36 months from starting a GFD, respectively (median time = 9 months). TGA-IgA >10´upper limit of normal at diagnosis (HR = 0.56), age 7–12 years old (HR = 0.83), poor compliance to diet (HR = 0.69), female sex (HR = 0.82), non-Caucasian ethnicity (HR = 0.75), and comorbidities (HR = 0.72) were independent factors significantly associated with longer time to normalization. Conclusions: Our population is the largest in the literature, with the majority of patients normalizing CD serology within 24 months from starting a GFD. We suggest a special attention to patients with comorbidities, language barriers or age 7–12 years for a proper management and follow-up.

Antitissue transglutaminase antibodies’ normalization after starting a gluten-free diet in a large population of celiac children-a real-life experience

Lenzi J.;Fiorentino M.;Battistini B.;Alvisi P.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Few data are available regarding the trend of IgA anti-transglutaminase antibodies (TGA-IgA) in children with celiac disease (CD) on a gluten-free diet (GFD). Our aim is to examine the normalization time of CD serology in a large pediatric population, and its predictors. Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated the normalization time of TGA-IgA and its predictive factors (age, sex, ethnicity, symptoms, associated diabetes/thyroiditis, Marsh stage, TGA-IgA and endomysial antibody levels at diagnosis, diet adherence), in 1024 children diagnosed from 2000 to 2019 in three pediatric Italian centers, on a GFD. Results: TGA-IgA remission was reached in 67,3%, 80,7%, 89,8% and 94,9% after 12, 18, 24 and 36 months from starting a GFD, respectively (median time = 9 months). TGA-IgA >10´upper limit of normal at diagnosis (HR = 0.56), age 7–12 years old (HR = 0.83), poor compliance to diet (HR = 0.69), female sex (HR = 0.82), non-Caucasian ethnicity (HR = 0.75), and comorbidities (HR = 0.72) were independent factors significantly associated with longer time to normalization. Conclusions: Our population is the largest in the literature, with the majority of patients normalizing CD serology within 24 months from starting a GFD. We suggest a special attention to patients with comorbidities, language barriers or age 7–12 years for a proper management and follow-up.
2021
Sbravati F.; Cosentino A.; Lenzi J.; Fiorentino M.; Ambrosi F.; Salerno A.; Di Biase A.; Righi B.; Brusa S.; Valin P.S.; Bruni L.; Battistini B.; Pagano S.; Grondona A.G.; Labriola F.; Alvisi P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/853517
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