OBJECTIVES: Preoperative chemotherapy may play a role in postoperative respiratory complications due to subclinical parenchymal damage. We investigated the gene expression of lung tissue components after neoadjuvant chemotherapy of alveolar-capillary membrane, extracellular matrix and membrane proteins. METHODS: The study group included 14 patients submitted to pulmonary resection for lung cancer after 3 cycles of gemcitabine- cisplatin, while the control group included 14 naive-treatment patients. RNA was extracted from frozen tissue obtained by healthy lung specimens using EZ1 RNA Universal Tissue kit and automatically purified by BioRobot EZ1 instrument. Three hundred nanograms of total RNA was reverse transcribed to complementary DNA and used to evaluate the gene expression of type I and III collagen, elastin, syndecan, metalloproteinase 13 and aquaporins (AQPs) in real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results were expressed as the mean ± standard deviation of 3 independent experiments. Analysis of variance followed by Sheffe's F-test was performed. RESULTS: Among the alveolar-capillary membrane and extracellular matrix genes, type I-III collagens and syndecan were significantly upregulated (+645%, +327% and +261%, respectively), while elastin and metalloproteinase 13 were down-regulated in the study group versus control group (-46% and -77%, respectively). Furthermore, chemotherapy was associated with a significant up-regulation of AQP expressions (AQP1:+51% and AQP5:+36%). CONCLUSIONS: We observed, in the treated group, increases in the mean values of gene expressions for macromolecules involved in the remodelling of both the alveolar septa and parenchyma scaffold, thereby supporting the hypothesis that induction chemotherapy may foster a fibrosing effect on the pulmonary parenchyma and lead to altering the alveolar-capillary membrane.

Variations in gene expression of lung macromolecules after induction chemotherapy for lung cancer

Potenza R.;Vannucci J.;Bodo M.;
2017

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Preoperative chemotherapy may play a role in postoperative respiratory complications due to subclinical parenchymal damage. We investigated the gene expression of lung tissue components after neoadjuvant chemotherapy of alveolar-capillary membrane, extracellular matrix and membrane proteins. METHODS: The study group included 14 patients submitted to pulmonary resection for lung cancer after 3 cycles of gemcitabine- cisplatin, while the control group included 14 naive-treatment patients. RNA was extracted from frozen tissue obtained by healthy lung specimens using EZ1 RNA Universal Tissue kit and automatically purified by BioRobot EZ1 instrument. Three hundred nanograms of total RNA was reverse transcribed to complementary DNA and used to evaluate the gene expression of type I and III collagen, elastin, syndecan, metalloproteinase 13 and aquaporins (AQPs) in real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results were expressed as the mean ± standard deviation of 3 independent experiments. Analysis of variance followed by Sheffe's F-test was performed. RESULTS: Among the alveolar-capillary membrane and extracellular matrix genes, type I-III collagens and syndecan were significantly upregulated (+645%, +327% and +261%, respectively), while elastin and metalloproteinase 13 were down-regulated in the study group versus control group (-46% and -77%, respectively). Furthermore, chemotherapy was associated with a significant up-regulation of AQP expressions (AQP1:+51% and AQP5:+36%). CONCLUSIONS: We observed, in the treated group, increases in the mean values of gene expressions for macromolecules involved in the remodelling of both the alveolar septa and parenchyma scaffold, thereby supporting the hypothesis that induction chemotherapy may foster a fibrosing effect on the pulmonary parenchyma and lead to altering the alveolar-capillary membrane.
Cagini L.; Balloni S.; Ludovini V.; Andolfi M.; Matricardi A.; Potenza R.; Vannucci J.; Siggillino A.; Tofanetti F.R.; Bellezza G.; Bodo M.; Puma F.; Marinucci L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/853368
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