Mycosis fungoides (MF) is a disease almost impossible to cure. In the context of heavily pretreated patients, the anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1) pembrolizumab is a valid therapeutic option. The alteration of the PD-1-PD ligand 1 (PD-L1) axis is often present in MF, and this aspect explains the feasibility of this therapy. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman diagnosed with MF in 2003, Olsen stage IA (T1M0NXBO). Since the moment of the diagnosis, she received 10 lines of therapy, with a short duration of response after each one of them. In April 2020, our patient started pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg every 3 weeks, and she achieved a partial response after the 4th cycle, consistent with the modified severity assessment tool (mSWAT) 1, which she is still maintaining after 10 cycles. No grade ≥3 adverse events were recorded. We conclude that pembrolizumab can induce extremely rapid responses in MF, with very low toxicity.

Clinical Response in Heavily Pretreated Mycosis Fungoides with Pembrolizumab: A Case Report

Lolli G.;Casadei B.;Argnani L.;Pileri A.;Pellegrini C.;Zinzani P. L.
2021

Abstract

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is a disease almost impossible to cure. In the context of heavily pretreated patients, the anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1) pembrolizumab is a valid therapeutic option. The alteration of the PD-1-PD ligand 1 (PD-L1) axis is often present in MF, and this aspect explains the feasibility of this therapy. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman diagnosed with MF in 2003, Olsen stage IA (T1M0NXBO). Since the moment of the diagnosis, she received 10 lines of therapy, with a short duration of response after each one of them. In April 2020, our patient started pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg every 3 weeks, and she achieved a partial response after the 4th cycle, consistent with the modified severity assessment tool (mSWAT) 1, which she is still maintaining after 10 cycles. No grade ≥3 adverse events were recorded. We conclude that pembrolizumab can induce extremely rapid responses in MF, with very low toxicity.
Lolli G.; Casadei B.; Argnani L.; Pileri A.; Pellegrini C.; Zinzani P.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/852199
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