Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) is due to complete resistance to the action of androgens, determining a female phenotype in persons with a 46,XY karyotype and functioning testes. CAIS is caused by inactivating mutations in the androgen receptor gene (AR). It is organized in eight exons located on the X chromosome. Hundreds of genetic variants in the AR gene have been reported in CAIS. They are distributed throughout the gene with a preponderance located in the ligand‐binding domain. CAIS mainly presents as primary amenorrhea in an adolescent female or as a bilateral inguinal/labial hernia containing testes in prepubertal children. Some issues regarding the management of females with CAIS remain poorly standardized (such as the follow‐up of intact testes, the timing of gonadal removal and optimal hormone replacement therapy). Basic research will lead to the consideration of new issues to improve long‐term well-being (such as bone health, immune and metabolic aspects and cardiovascular risk). An expert multidisciplinary approach is mandatory to increase the long‐term quality of life of women with CAIS.

Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome: From bench to bed / Tyutyusheva N.; Mancini I.; Baroncelli G.I.; D'elios S.; Peroni D.; Meriggiola M.C.; Bertelloni S.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - ELETTRONICO. - 22:3(2021), pp. 1264.1-1264.11. [10.3390/ijms22031264]

Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome: From bench to bed

Mancini I.;Meriggiola M. C.;
2021

Abstract

Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) is due to complete resistance to the action of androgens, determining a female phenotype in persons with a 46,XY karyotype and functioning testes. CAIS is caused by inactivating mutations in the androgen receptor gene (AR). It is organized in eight exons located on the X chromosome. Hundreds of genetic variants in the AR gene have been reported in CAIS. They are distributed throughout the gene with a preponderance located in the ligand‐binding domain. CAIS mainly presents as primary amenorrhea in an adolescent female or as a bilateral inguinal/labial hernia containing testes in prepubertal children. Some issues regarding the management of females with CAIS remain poorly standardized (such as the follow‐up of intact testes, the timing of gonadal removal and optimal hormone replacement therapy). Basic research will lead to the consideration of new issues to improve long‐term well-being (such as bone health, immune and metabolic aspects and cardiovascular risk). An expert multidisciplinary approach is mandatory to increase the long‐term quality of life of women with CAIS.
2021
Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome: From bench to bed / Tyutyusheva N.; Mancini I.; Baroncelli G.I.; D'elios S.; Peroni D.; Meriggiola M.C.; Bertelloni S.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - ELETTRONICO. - 22:3(2021), pp. 1264.1-1264.11. [10.3390/ijms22031264]
Tyutyusheva N.; Mancini I.; Baroncelli G.I.; D'elios S.; Peroni D.; Meriggiola M.C.; Bertelloni S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/852095
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