BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is associated with ascending aortic (AA) ectasia. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of different echocardiographic parameters (EP) in predicting the presence of CAE. METHODS: Four hundred-eighteen patients with AA ectasia candidate to coronary angiography were identified and divided in two groups in respect of the presence of CAE. Receiver-operating characteristic curves areas (AUC) were used to assess the discrimination power of the following EP: aortic annulus diameter, sinuses of Valsalva (SV) diameter, sino-tubular junction (STJ) diameter, AA diameter, STJ to SV ratio (STJ-to-SV) and STJ to AA ratio (STJ-to-AA). All these parameters were indexed by body surface area. The relationship between the best EP and the presence of CAE was investigated by means of multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: The rate of CAE in the study population was 32%. On univariable logistic regression, aortic annulus, STJ, STJ-to-SV and STJ-to-AA were associated with the presence of CAE after Bonferroni correction. STJ-to-SV emerged as the parameter with the best discrimination power (AUC = 0.81) compared to STJ (AUC = 0.69), STJ-to-AA (AUC = 0.68), aortic annulus (AUC = 0.59), AA (AUC = 0.56) and SV (AUC = 0.55); (p for comparison <0.01). An 89.6% value for STJ-to-SV ratio emerged as the best cut-off to diagnose CAE with a sensitivity = 75%, specificity = 82%, positive predictive value = 66% and negative predictive value = 88%. On multivariable analysis, STJ-to-SV was still associated with the presence of CAE (OR = 1.15;95%CI:1.11-1.19;p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: In patients with dilated aorta, STJ-to-SV sampled by transthoracic echocardiography shows a good diagnostic performance in predicting the presence of CAE.

Ghetti, G., Minnucci, M., Chietera, F., Donati, F., Gagliardi, C., Bruno, A.G., et al. (2021). Sino-tubular junction to sinuses of Valsalva ratio: An echocardiographic parameter to predict coronary artery ectasia in patients with aortic enlargement. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. HEART & VESSELS, 344, 226-229 [10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.10.009].

Sino-tubular junction to sinuses of Valsalva ratio: An echocardiographic parameter to predict coronary artery ectasia in patients with aortic enlargement

Ghetti, Gabriele;Minnucci, Matteo;Chietera, Francesco;Donati, Francesco;Gagliardi, Christian;Bruno, Antonio Giulio;Orzalkiewicz, Mateusz;Nardi, Elena;Palmerini, Tullio;Saia, Francesco;Galié, Nazzareno;Taglieri, Nevio
2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is associated with ascending aortic (AA) ectasia. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of different echocardiographic parameters (EP) in predicting the presence of CAE. METHODS: Four hundred-eighteen patients with AA ectasia candidate to coronary angiography were identified and divided in two groups in respect of the presence of CAE. Receiver-operating characteristic curves areas (AUC) were used to assess the discrimination power of the following EP: aortic annulus diameter, sinuses of Valsalva (SV) diameter, sino-tubular junction (STJ) diameter, AA diameter, STJ to SV ratio (STJ-to-SV) and STJ to AA ratio (STJ-to-AA). All these parameters were indexed by body surface area. The relationship between the best EP and the presence of CAE was investigated by means of multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: The rate of CAE in the study population was 32%. On univariable logistic regression, aortic annulus, STJ, STJ-to-SV and STJ-to-AA were associated with the presence of CAE after Bonferroni correction. STJ-to-SV emerged as the parameter with the best discrimination power (AUC = 0.81) compared to STJ (AUC = 0.69), STJ-to-AA (AUC = 0.68), aortic annulus (AUC = 0.59), AA (AUC = 0.56) and SV (AUC = 0.55); (p for comparison <0.01). An 89.6% value for STJ-to-SV ratio emerged as the best cut-off to diagnose CAE with a sensitivity = 75%, specificity = 82%, positive predictive value = 66% and negative predictive value = 88%. On multivariable analysis, STJ-to-SV was still associated with the presence of CAE (OR = 1.15;95%CI:1.11-1.19;p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: In patients with dilated aorta, STJ-to-SV sampled by transthoracic echocardiography shows a good diagnostic performance in predicting the presence of CAE.
2021
Ghetti, G., Minnucci, M., Chietera, F., Donati, F., Gagliardi, C., Bruno, A.G., et al. (2021). Sino-tubular junction to sinuses of Valsalva ratio: An echocardiographic parameter to predict coronary artery ectasia in patients with aortic enlargement. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. HEART & VESSELS, 344, 226-229 [10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.10.009].
Ghetti, Gabriele; Minnucci, Matteo; Chietera, Francesco; Donati, Francesco; Gagliardi, Christian; Bruno, Antonio Giulio; Orzalkiewicz, Mateusz; Nardi, Elena; Palmerini, Tullio; Saia, Francesco; Marrozzini, Cinzia; Galié, Nazzareno; Taglieri, Nevio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/850996
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