Background & aims: Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA)-containing dietary supplements are widely used in clinical practice, although their safety assessment is under-investigated. We characterize the safety profile of ALA-containing products by analysing spontaneous reports of suspected adverse reactions (ARs). Methods: Suspected ARs to ALA-containing products were extracted from the Italian Phytovigilance System (IPS), and scrutinized in terms of seriousness and causality (through WHO UMC system), with a specific focus on important (IMEs) and designated medical events (DMEs). To characterize the reporting profile from an international perspective, the WHO-VigiBase was also queried. Results: From March 2002 to February 2020, out of 2147 total reports, 116 reports concerning 212 ARs to ALA-containing products were collected. Women were involved in 68.1% of cases. Skin (44.9%) and gastrointestinal disorders (10.8%) were the most frequently represented ARs. Causality assessment resulted as definite (15), probable (35), possible (24), unlikely (5), and unclassifiable (37). In 70% of cases, events occurred within 30 days of ALA use. Forty-five reports were serious (38.8%), being insulin autoimmune syndrome the most frequently reported (N = 10). IMEs were recorded in 20 cases, including four DMEs (3 angioedema and one anaphylactic shock). Similar distribution emerged from the 5641 reports in the WHO-VigiBase. Conclusions: The remarkable reporting of unpredictable skin, immune and hepatic ARs, coupled with seriousness, strong causality and early onset, calls for a) careful risk-benefit assessment of ALA-containing products by regulators; b) awareness and monitoring by clinicians and c) continuous vigilance of their safety profile through valuable spontaneous reporting systems such as IPS.

Assessment of adverse reactions to α-lipoic acid containing dietary supplements through spontaneous reporting systems

Gatti M.;Poluzzi E.;Antonazzo I. C.;De Ponti F.;Raschi E.
2021

Abstract

Background & aims: Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA)-containing dietary supplements are widely used in clinical practice, although their safety assessment is under-investigated. We characterize the safety profile of ALA-containing products by analysing spontaneous reports of suspected adverse reactions (ARs). Methods: Suspected ARs to ALA-containing products were extracted from the Italian Phytovigilance System (IPS), and scrutinized in terms of seriousness and causality (through WHO UMC system), with a specific focus on important (IMEs) and designated medical events (DMEs). To characterize the reporting profile from an international perspective, the WHO-VigiBase was also queried. Results: From March 2002 to February 2020, out of 2147 total reports, 116 reports concerning 212 ARs to ALA-containing products were collected. Women were involved in 68.1% of cases. Skin (44.9%) and gastrointestinal disorders (10.8%) were the most frequently represented ARs. Causality assessment resulted as definite (15), probable (35), possible (24), unlikely (5), and unclassifiable (37). In 70% of cases, events occurred within 30 days of ALA use. Forty-five reports were serious (38.8%), being insulin autoimmune syndrome the most frequently reported (N = 10). IMEs were recorded in 20 cases, including four DMEs (3 angioedema and one anaphylactic shock). Similar distribution emerged from the 5641 reports in the WHO-VigiBase. Conclusions: The remarkable reporting of unpredictable skin, immune and hepatic ARs, coupled with seriousness, strong causality and early onset, calls for a) careful risk-benefit assessment of ALA-containing products by regulators; b) awareness and monitoring by clinicians and c) continuous vigilance of their safety profile through valuable spontaneous reporting systems such as IPS.
Gatti M.; Ippoliti I.; Poluzzi E.; Antonazzo I.C.; Moro P.A.; Moretti U.; Menniti-Ippolito F.; Mazzanti G.; De Ponti F.; Raschi E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/849799
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