Chiral plasmonic nanomaterials exhibiting intense optical activity are promising for numerous applications. In order to prepare those nanostructures, one strategy is to grow metallic nanoparticles in the presence of chiral molecules. However, in such approach the origin of the observed chirality remains uncertain. In this work, we expand the range of available chiral plasmonic nanostructures and we propose another vision of the origin of chirality in such colloidal systems. For that purpose, we investigated the synthesis of two core–shell Au@Ag and Au@Au systems built from gold nanobipyramid cores, in the presence of cysteine. The obtained nanoparticles possess uniform shape and size and show plasmonic circular dichroism in the visible range, and were characterized by electron microscopy, circular dichroism, and UV–vis-NIR spectroscopy. Opto-chiral responses were found to be highly dependent on the morphology and the plasmon resonance. It revealed (i) the importance of the anisotropy for Au@Au nanoparticles and (ii) the role of the multipolar modes for Au@Ag nanoparticles on the way to achieve intense plasmonic circular dichroism. The role of cysteine as shaping agent and as chiral encoder was particularly evaluated. Our experimental results, supported by theoretical simulations, contrast the hypothesis that chiral molecules entrapped in the nanoparticles determine the chiral properties, highlighting the key role of the outmost part of the nanoparticles shell on the plasmonic circular dichroism. Along with these results, the impact of enantiomeric ratio of cysteine on the final shape suggested that the presence of a chiral shape or chiral patterns should be considered.

Insight on Chirality Encoding from Small Thiolated Molecule to Plasmonic Au@Ag and Au@Au Nanoparticles

Garavelli M.;Rivalta I.;
2021

Abstract

Chiral plasmonic nanomaterials exhibiting intense optical activity are promising for numerous applications. In order to prepare those nanostructures, one strategy is to grow metallic nanoparticles in the presence of chiral molecules. However, in such approach the origin of the observed chirality remains uncertain. In this work, we expand the range of available chiral plasmonic nanostructures and we propose another vision of the origin of chirality in such colloidal systems. For that purpose, we investigated the synthesis of two core–shell Au@Ag and Au@Au systems built from gold nanobipyramid cores, in the presence of cysteine. The obtained nanoparticles possess uniform shape and size and show plasmonic circular dichroism in the visible range, and were characterized by electron microscopy, circular dichroism, and UV–vis-NIR spectroscopy. Opto-chiral responses were found to be highly dependent on the morphology and the plasmon resonance. It revealed (i) the importance of the anisotropy for Au@Au nanoparticles and (ii) the role of the multipolar modes for Au@Ag nanoparticles on the way to achieve intense plasmonic circular dichroism. The role of cysteine as shaping agent and as chiral encoder was particularly evaluated. Our experimental results, supported by theoretical simulations, contrast the hypothesis that chiral molecules entrapped in the nanoparticles determine the chiral properties, highlighting the key role of the outmost part of the nanoparticles shell on the plasmonic circular dichroism. Along with these results, the impact of enantiomeric ratio of cysteine on the final shape suggested that the presence of a chiral shape or chiral patterns should be considered.
Carone A.; Mariani P.; Desert A.; Romanelli M.; Marcheselli J.; Garavelli M.; Corni S.; Rivalta I.; Parola S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/849116
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