The in vitro activity of 16 antimicrobial agents against 46 drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis recently isolated from Italian patients was determined. As for first-line antituberculosis drugs, while isoniazid was ineffective against all the strains tested, resistance to streptomycin, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol was 80.4%, 71.7%, 39.1%, and 8.7%, respectively. Among second-line antituberculous drugs, resistance to ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, and sparfloxacin and to amikacin and kanamycin was around 20%. About 10% of the strains were resistant to capreomycin and cycloserine and 4.3% were resistant to ethionamide; no strain was found to be resistant to thiacetazone, para-aminosalicylic acid, and viomycin. Although all strains displayed a rather continuous distribution of minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs), a bimodal distribution was observed for rifampicin, amikacin, and kanamicin, with very high MIC values for resistant strains; relatively low MICs were found for fluoroquinolone-resistant strains. Among the small number of strains resistant to second-line agents, low resistant levels were observed. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis showed few strain clusters with resistance to first-line antituberculous drugs and aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, or both. Altogether, these results showed that second-line agents were still active against the isoniazid-resistant and multiply first-line resistant strains tested, with none or low resistance levels; these observations can be of importance for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Italy.

Activity of 16 antimicrobial agents against drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Oggioni MR;
1999

Abstract

The in vitro activity of 16 antimicrobial agents against 46 drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis recently isolated from Italian patients was determined. As for first-line antituberculosis drugs, while isoniazid was ineffective against all the strains tested, resistance to streptomycin, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol was 80.4%, 71.7%, 39.1%, and 8.7%, respectively. Among second-line antituberculous drugs, resistance to ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, and sparfloxacin and to amikacin and kanamycin was around 20%. About 10% of the strains were resistant to capreomycin and cycloserine and 4.3% were resistant to ethionamide; no strain was found to be resistant to thiacetazone, para-aminosalicylic acid, and viomycin. Although all strains displayed a rather continuous distribution of minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs), a bimodal distribution was observed for rifampicin, amikacin, and kanamicin, with very high MIC values for resistant strains; relatively low MICs were found for fluoroquinolone-resistant strains. Among the small number of strains resistant to second-line agents, low resistant levels were observed. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis showed few strain clusters with resistance to first-line antituberculous drugs and aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, or both. Altogether, these results showed that second-line agents were still active against the isoniazid-resistant and multiply first-line resistant strains tested, with none or low resistance levels; these observations can be of importance for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Italy.
1999
Fattorini L; Iona E; Ricci ML; Thoresen OF; Orrù G; Oggioni MR; Tortoli E; Piersimoni C; Chiaradonna P; Tronci M; Pozzi G; Orefici G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/848664
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