In order to investigate the influence of cusp reduction, cavity isthmus width, and restorative material on stress values in premolar with mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) cavity, numerical simulations were done on three-dimensional (3D) models of a maxillary second premolar designed using computerized tomography (CT) scan images. The use of four restorative materials (direct resin composite, direct resin composite with resin-modified glass-ionomer cement as the base, indirect resin composite, ceramic), three cavity preparation designs (without cusp coverage, 2-mm palatal cusp coverage, 2-mm palatal and buccal cusp coverage), and two cavity isthmus widths (1/2 and 2/3 intercuspal width) were simulated. After applying a static load of 200 N on the occlusal surface of the tooth, von Mises stresses in the enamel, dentin, and restoration were calculated using finite element analysis (FEA). Stress values in the enamel were primarily influenced by cavity preparation design, while restorative material showed higher contribution in dentin. The lowest stress values were obtained in models with cusp coverage and indirect restorations. Cavity isthmus width had minimal influence on stress values in tooth structures. None of the investigated factors determined stress values in the restoration. In conclusion, the use of ceramic restoration covering both palatal and buccal cusp provided the most favourable stress distribution of premolars with MOD cavity. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Influence of the restorative procedure factors on stress values in premolar with MOD cavity: a finite element study

Maravic T.;
2018

Abstract

In order to investigate the influence of cusp reduction, cavity isthmus width, and restorative material on stress values in premolar with mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) cavity, numerical simulations were done on three-dimensional (3D) models of a maxillary second premolar designed using computerized tomography (CT) scan images. The use of four restorative materials (direct resin composite, direct resin composite with resin-modified glass-ionomer cement as the base, indirect resin composite, ceramic), three cavity preparation designs (without cusp coverage, 2-mm palatal cusp coverage, 2-mm palatal and buccal cusp coverage), and two cavity isthmus widths (1/2 and 2/3 intercuspal width) were simulated. After applying a static load of 200 N on the occlusal surface of the tooth, von Mises stresses in the enamel, dentin, and restoration were calculated using finite element analysis (FEA). Stress values in the enamel were primarily influenced by cavity preparation design, while restorative material showed higher contribution in dentin. The lowest stress values were obtained in models with cusp coverage and indirect restorations. Cavity isthmus width had minimal influence on stress values in tooth structures. None of the investigated factors determined stress values in the restoration. In conclusion, the use of ceramic restoration covering both palatal and buccal cusp provided the most favourable stress distribution of premolars with MOD cavity. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
2018
Kantardzic I.; Vasiljevic D.; Luzanin O.; Maravic T.; Blazic L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/847213
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