Cardiac disease in guinea pigs has been reported in the literature; however, reference intervals for normal radiographic heart size obtained using objective measurement methods have not been provided for this species. The aim of this prospective, reference interval study was to describe cardiac dimensions in presumed healthy guinea pigs using the vertebral heart scale (VHS) from thoracic radiographs, as described for dogs and cats. Furthermore, an anatomical study was carried out to compare the radiographic and anatomical findings. Thoracic radiographs were acquired in right lateral recumbency for 30, client-owned, conscious, presumed healthy guinea pigs and radiographs were acquired in left lateral recumbency for 10 presumed healthy guinea pigs as comparisons. The influence of sex, age, body weight (BW), and recumbency on the VHS and absolute cardiac measurements was investigated. The median (interquartile range; IQR) VHS was 7.4 (7.1-7.6). No differences emerged between the VHS measured in right versus left lateral recumbency (P =.41) or between sexes (P =.16). The VHS values were not influenced by age (P =.53) or BW (P =.26). The anatomical study was carried out on 10 guinea pig cadavers, and in situ and ex situ cardiac measurements were taken using a caliper. A median (IQR) 7.5 (7.2-8.0) VHS was assessed by this anatomical study. The reference intervals provided should be useful tools in the future for the radiographic interpretation of cardiac size in guinea pigs in clinical practice.

Radiographic and anatomical morphometric assessments of heart size in presumed healthy pet guinea pigs

De Silva M.
Primo
;
Tagliavia C.;Roccaro M.;Grandis A.;
2022

Abstract

Cardiac disease in guinea pigs has been reported in the literature; however, reference intervals for normal radiographic heart size obtained using objective measurement methods have not been provided for this species. The aim of this prospective, reference interval study was to describe cardiac dimensions in presumed healthy guinea pigs using the vertebral heart scale (VHS) from thoracic radiographs, as described for dogs and cats. Furthermore, an anatomical study was carried out to compare the radiographic and anatomical findings. Thoracic radiographs were acquired in right lateral recumbency for 30, client-owned, conscious, presumed healthy guinea pigs and radiographs were acquired in left lateral recumbency for 10 presumed healthy guinea pigs as comparisons. The influence of sex, age, body weight (BW), and recumbency on the VHS and absolute cardiac measurements was investigated. The median (interquartile range; IQR) VHS was 7.4 (7.1-7.6). No differences emerged between the VHS measured in right versus left lateral recumbency (P =.41) or between sexes (P =.16). The VHS values were not influenced by age (P =.53) or BW (P =.26). The anatomical study was carried out on 10 guinea pig cadavers, and in situ and ex situ cardiac measurements were taken using a caliper. A median (IQR) 7.5 (7.2-8.0) VHS was assessed by this anatomical study. The reference intervals provided should be useful tools in the future for the radiographic interpretation of cardiac size in guinea pigs in clinical practice.
De Silva M.; Bo P.; Dora Genocchi E.; Tagliavia C.; Roccaro M.; Grandis A.; Baron Toaldo M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/846346
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