Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue outside the uterus. A diffuse infiltration of mast cells (MCs) is observed throughout endometriotic lesions, but little is known about how these cells contribute to the network of molecules that modulate the growth of ectopic endometrial implants and promote endometriosis-Associated inflammation. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor known to respond to environmental toxins and endogenous compounds, is present in MCs. In response to AhR activation, MCs produce IL-17 and reactive oxygen species, highlighting the potential impact of AhR ligands on inflammation via MCs. Here, we investigated the possibility that endometrial MCs promote an inflammatory microenvironment by sensing AhR ligands, thus sustaining endometriosis development. Using human endometriotic tissue (ET) samples, we performed the following experiments: (i) examined the cytokine expression profile; (ii) counted AhR-expressing MCs; (iii) verified the phenotype of AhR-expressing MCs to establish whether MCs have a tolerogenic (IL-10-positive) or inflammatory (IL-17-positive) phenotype; (iv) measured the presence of AhR ligands (tryptophan-derived kynurenine) and tryptophan-metabolizing enzymes (indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1)); (v) treated ET organ cultures with an AhR antagonist in vitro to measure changes in the cytokine milieu; and (vi) measured the growth of endometrial stromal cells cultured with AhR-Activated MC-conditioned medium. We found that ET tissue was conducive to cytokine production, orchestrating chronic inflammation and a population of AhR-expressing MCs that are both IL-17 and IL-10-positive. ET was rich in IDO1 and the AhR-ligand kynurenine compared with control tissue, possibly promoting MC activation through AhR. ET was susceptible to treatment with an AhR antagonist, and endometrial stromal cell growth was improved in the presence of soluble factors released by MCs on AhR activation. These results suggest a new mechanistic role of MCs in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. © 2016 USCAP, Inc All rights reserved.

Functional expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor on mast cells populating human endometriotic tissues.

GRI, Giorgia
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue outside the uterus. A diffuse infiltration of mast cells (MCs) is observed throughout endometriotic lesions, but little is known about how these cells contribute to the network of molecules that modulate the growth of ectopic endometrial implants and promote endometriosis-Associated inflammation. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor known to respond to environmental toxins and endogenous compounds, is present in MCs. In response to AhR activation, MCs produce IL-17 and reactive oxygen species, highlighting the potential impact of AhR ligands on inflammation via MCs. Here, we investigated the possibility that endometrial MCs promote an inflammatory microenvironment by sensing AhR ligands, thus sustaining endometriosis development. Using human endometriotic tissue (ET) samples, we performed the following experiments: (i) examined the cytokine expression profile; (ii) counted AhR-expressing MCs; (iii) verified the phenotype of AhR-expressing MCs to establish whether MCs have a tolerogenic (IL-10-positive) or inflammatory (IL-17-positive) phenotype; (iv) measured the presence of AhR ligands (tryptophan-derived kynurenine) and tryptophan-metabolizing enzymes (indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1)); (v) treated ET organ cultures with an AhR antagonist in vitro to measure changes in the cytokine milieu; and (vi) measured the growth of endometrial stromal cells cultured with AhR-Activated MC-conditioned medium. We found that ET tissue was conducive to cytokine production, orchestrating chronic inflammation and a population of AhR-expressing MCs that are both IL-17 and IL-10-positive. ET was rich in IDO1 and the AhR-ligand kynurenine compared with control tissue, possibly promoting MC activation through AhR. ET was susceptible to treatment with an AhR antagonist, and endometrial stromal cell growth was improved in the presence of soluble factors released by MCs on AhR activation. These results suggest a new mechanistic role of MCs in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. © 2016 USCAP, Inc All rights reserved.
MARIUZZI, Laura; DOMENIS, Rossana; Orsaria, Maria; Marzinotto, Stefania; Londero, Ambrogio P; Bulfoni, Michela; Candotti, Veronica; ZANELLO, ANDREA; Ballico, Maurizio; Mimmi, Maria C; Calcagno, Angelo; Marchesoni, Diego; DI LORETO, Carla; BELTRAMI, Antonio Paolo; CESSELLI, Daniela; GRI, Giorgia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/845848
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