Background and Aims: Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) carry a considerable malignancy risk. Along with main duct dilation, the presence of enhanced mural nodules represents a significant risk factor for malignancy. Several articles assessed the role of contrast-enhanced EUS (CE-EUS) for the identification of malignant features in mural nodules. We evaluate the pooled diagnostic performance of CE-EUS for the identification of high-grade dysplasia or invasive carcinoma among mural nodules in PCNs. Methods: A systematic review (Medline, PubMed, EMBASE) and meta-analysis were conducted. Subgroup analysis was used to assess the usefulness of a dedicated contrast-harmonic (CH-EUS). The primary outcome was pooled sensitivity for identification of high-grade dysplasia or invasive carcinoma. Results: Ten studies (532 patients) were included. Pooled sensitivity of CE-EUS was 88.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 82.7%-92.5%), specificity 79.1% (95% CI, 74.5%-83.3%), and diagnostic accuracy 89.6% (95% CI, 83.4%-95.8%). Eight studies (320 patients) were conducted using CH-EUS: pooled sensitivity increased to 97.0% (95% CI, 92.5%-99.2%), specificity to 90.4% (95% CI, 85.2%-94.2%), and diagnostic accuracy to 95.6% (95% CI, 92.6%-98.7%). At 42% disease prevalence (pretest probability), a positive CH-EUS increased the disease probability to 88%, whereas a negative test decreased the disease probability to 2%. The number needed to diagnose was 1.5 (95% CI, 1.7-1.3) for CE-EUS and just 1.2 (95% CI, 1.3-1.1) for CH-EUS. Conclusions: This study provided robust evidence on CE-EUS value for the characterization of mural nodules within PCNs. A dedicated contrast-harmonic mode, namely CH-EUS, provided an increased diagnostic yield in the identification and characterization of malignant mural nodules.

Contrast-enhanced EUS for the characterization of mural nodules within pancreatic cystic neoplasms: systematic review and meta-analysis

Lisotti A.;Facciorusso A.;Cominardi A.;Brighi N.;Fusaroli P.
2021

Abstract

Background and Aims: Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) carry a considerable malignancy risk. Along with main duct dilation, the presence of enhanced mural nodules represents a significant risk factor for malignancy. Several articles assessed the role of contrast-enhanced EUS (CE-EUS) for the identification of malignant features in mural nodules. We evaluate the pooled diagnostic performance of CE-EUS for the identification of high-grade dysplasia or invasive carcinoma among mural nodules in PCNs. Methods: A systematic review (Medline, PubMed, EMBASE) and meta-analysis were conducted. Subgroup analysis was used to assess the usefulness of a dedicated contrast-harmonic (CH-EUS). The primary outcome was pooled sensitivity for identification of high-grade dysplasia or invasive carcinoma. Results: Ten studies (532 patients) were included. Pooled sensitivity of CE-EUS was 88.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 82.7%-92.5%), specificity 79.1% (95% CI, 74.5%-83.3%), and diagnostic accuracy 89.6% (95% CI, 83.4%-95.8%). Eight studies (320 patients) were conducted using CH-EUS: pooled sensitivity increased to 97.0% (95% CI, 92.5%-99.2%), specificity to 90.4% (95% CI, 85.2%-94.2%), and diagnostic accuracy to 95.6% (95% CI, 92.6%-98.7%). At 42% disease prevalence (pretest probability), a positive CH-EUS increased the disease probability to 88%, whereas a negative test decreased the disease probability to 2%. The number needed to diagnose was 1.5 (95% CI, 1.7-1.3) for CE-EUS and just 1.2 (95% CI, 1.3-1.1) for CH-EUS. Conclusions: This study provided robust evidence on CE-EUS value for the characterization of mural nodules within PCNs. A dedicated contrast-harmonic mode, namely CH-EUS, provided an increased diagnostic yield in the identification and characterization of malignant mural nodules.
Lisotti A.; Napoleon B.; Facciorusso A.; Cominardi A.; Crino S.F.; Brighi N.; Gincul R.; Kitano M.; Yamashita Y.; Marchegiani G.; Fusaroli P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/844195
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