Reason for performing study: In horses, morpho-functional studies related to the enteric nervous system (ENS) controlling the sphincters are lacking. Objectives: To investigate immunohistochemically the morphology, distribution, density, phenotypes and projections of neurons controlling the ileocaecal junction (ICJ). Methods: Two young horses were anaesthetised and underwent midline laparotomy. The neuronal retrograde fluorescent tracer Fast Blue (FB) was injected into the wall of the ICJ. A post surgical survival time of 30 days was used. Following euthanasia, the ileum and a small portion of caecum were removed. Cryosections were used to investigate the immunoreactivity (IR) of the neurons innervating the ICJ for choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and neurofilament NF200kDa (NF). Results: Ileal FB-labelled neurons innervating the ICJ were located in the myenteric plexus (MP) and submucosal plexus (SMP) up to 48 cm and 28 cm, respectively, from the point of the FB injections. Descending MP and SMP neurons were nitrergic (54 ± 11% and 68 ± 4%, respectively), cholinergic (60 ± 19% and 82 ± 11%, respectively), NF-IR (54 ± 9% and 78 ± 21%, respectively), and SP-IR (about 20% in both the plexuses). CGRP-IR was expressed only by SMP descending neurons (45 ± 21%). In both the plexuses descending neurons coexpressing nNOSand ChAT-IR were also observed (25 ± 11% and 61 ± 27%, respectively). Conclusions: The presence of ileal long projecting neurons innervating the ICJ suggests that they are critical for its modulation. Consequently, in bowel diseases in which the resection of the terminal jejunum and proximal ileum are required, it is preferable, whenever possible, to conserve the major portion of the ileum. Potential relevance: The knowledge of the phenotype of ENS neurons of the ileum might be helpful for developing pharmaceutical treatment of the ICJ motility disorders.

Intrinsic innervation of the ileocaecal junction in the horse: Preliminary study

CHIOCCHETTI, ROBERTO;BOMBARDI, CRISTIANO;MONGARDI FANTAGUZZI, CATERINA;RUSSO, DOMENICO;MONTONERI, CORRADO;ROMAGNOLI, NOEMI;SPADARI, ALESSANDRO;GRANDIS, ANNAMARIA
2009

Abstract

Reason for performing study: In horses, morpho-functional studies related to the enteric nervous system (ENS) controlling the sphincters are lacking. Objectives: To investigate immunohistochemically the morphology, distribution, density, phenotypes and projections of neurons controlling the ileocaecal junction (ICJ). Methods: Two young horses were anaesthetised and underwent midline laparotomy. The neuronal retrograde fluorescent tracer Fast Blue (FB) was injected into the wall of the ICJ. A post surgical survival time of 30 days was used. Following euthanasia, the ileum and a small portion of caecum were removed. Cryosections were used to investigate the immunoreactivity (IR) of the neurons innervating the ICJ for choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and neurofilament NF200kDa (NF). Results: Ileal FB-labelled neurons innervating the ICJ were located in the myenteric plexus (MP) and submucosal plexus (SMP) up to 48 cm and 28 cm, respectively, from the point of the FB injections. Descending MP and SMP neurons were nitrergic (54 ± 11% and 68 ± 4%, respectively), cholinergic (60 ± 19% and 82 ± 11%, respectively), NF-IR (54 ± 9% and 78 ± 21%, respectively), and SP-IR (about 20% in both the plexuses). CGRP-IR was expressed only by SMP descending neurons (45 ± 21%). In both the plexuses descending neurons coexpressing nNOSand ChAT-IR were also observed (25 ± 11% and 61 ± 27%, respectively). Conclusions: The presence of ileal long projecting neurons innervating the ICJ suggests that they are critical for its modulation. Consequently, in bowel diseases in which the resection of the terminal jejunum and proximal ileum are required, it is preferable, whenever possible, to conserve the major portion of the ileum. Potential relevance: The knowledge of the phenotype of ENS neurons of the ileum might be helpful for developing pharmaceutical treatment of the ICJ motility disorders.
R. CHIOCCHETTI; C. BOMBARDI; C. MONGARDI FANTAGUZZI; D. RUSSO; E. VENTURELLI; C. MONTONERI; N. ROMAGNOLI; A. SPADARI; A. GRANDIS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/84360
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