The thermal performance of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) systems considerably depends on thermal conductivity of adopted phase change materials (PCMs). To increase the low thermal conductivity of these materials, pure PCMs can be loaded with metal foams. In this study, the melting process of pure and metal-foam loaded phase change materials placed in a rectangular shape case is experimentally investigated by imposing a constant heat flux at the top. Two different paraffin waxes with melting point of about 35°C are tested. The results obtained with pure PCM are compared with those achieved from the use of PCM combined with two different porous metals: a 10 PPI aluminum foam with 96% porosity and a 20 PPI copper foam with 95% porosity. The results demonstrate how metal foams lead to a significant improvement of conduction heat transfer reducing significantly the melting time and the temperature difference between the heater and PCM.

Experimental thermal performance comparison of pure and metal foam-loaded PCMs

Silvestrini, Michele
;
Falcone, Morena;Salvi, Federica;Naldi, Claudia;Dongellini, Matteo;Morini, Gian Luca
2021

Abstract

The thermal performance of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) systems considerably depends on thermal conductivity of adopted phase change materials (PCMs). To increase the low thermal conductivity of these materials, pure PCMs can be loaded with metal foams. In this study, the melting process of pure and metal-foam loaded phase change materials placed in a rectangular shape case is experimentally investigated by imposing a constant heat flux at the top. Two different paraffin waxes with melting point of about 35°C are tested. The results obtained with pure PCM are compared with those achieved from the use of PCM combined with two different porous metals: a 10 PPI aluminum foam with 96% porosity and a 20 PPI copper foam with 95% porosity. The results demonstrate how metal foams lead to a significant improvement of conduction heat transfer reducing significantly the melting time and the temperature difference between the heater and PCM.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series
1
4
Silvestrini, Michele; Falcone, Morena; Salvi, Federica; Naldi, Claudia; Dongellini, Matteo; Morini, Gian Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/843175
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