: PRAME (PReferentially expressed Antigen in MElanoma) is a tumor-associated antigen that was recently found to be expressed by malignant melanocytic lesions but not by benign ones, thus resulting useful in this diagnostic field. PRAME could also be expressed by some normal tissues and nonmelanocytic tumors, suggesting as caution should be adopted to use PRAME as a "pan-melanoma" marker for the differential diagnosis with other malignant tumors. Until now, PRAME expression was exclusively investigated through single staining with a monoclonal antibody targeting PRAME and with double staining for Melan A/PRAME found to be useful in specific diagnostic sets. Herein, we studied the expression of PRAME in 40 melanocytic lesions and 23 nonmelanocytic ones using PRAME, Melan A/PRAME, and novel double staining for HMB45/PRAME. Although our results need to be validated, they support the adoption of HMB45/PRAME, alone or in combination with PRAME and Melan A/PRAME, as a helpful marker in the diagnosis of melanocytic neoplasms with a high concordance rate between primary melanoma and corresponding metastases.

HMB45/PRAME, a Novel Double Staining for the Diagnosis of Melanocytic Neoplasms: Technical Aspects, Results, and Comparison With Other Commercially Available Staining (PRAME and Melan A/PRAME)

Ricci, Costantino;Fiorentino, Michelangelo;
2022

Abstract

: PRAME (PReferentially expressed Antigen in MElanoma) is a tumor-associated antigen that was recently found to be expressed by malignant melanocytic lesions but not by benign ones, thus resulting useful in this diagnostic field. PRAME could also be expressed by some normal tissues and nonmelanocytic tumors, suggesting as caution should be adopted to use PRAME as a "pan-melanoma" marker for the differential diagnosis with other malignant tumors. Until now, PRAME expression was exclusively investigated through single staining with a monoclonal antibody targeting PRAME and with double staining for Melan A/PRAME found to be useful in specific diagnostic sets. Herein, we studied the expression of PRAME in 40 melanocytic lesions and 23 nonmelanocytic ones using PRAME, Melan A/PRAME, and novel double staining for HMB45/PRAME. Although our results need to be validated, they support the adoption of HMB45/PRAME, alone or in combination with PRAME and Melan A/PRAME, as a helpful marker in the diagnosis of melanocytic neoplasms with a high concordance rate between primary melanoma and corresponding metastases.
Grillini, Marco; Ricci, Costantino; Pino, Vincenzo; Pedrini, Silvia; Fiorentino, Michelangelo; Corti, Barbara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/843105
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