Different PCR protocols have been established for detection of European fruit trees phytoplasmas; however the majority of the procedures for extracting phytoplasma DNA are complex, time consuming, and expensive, with a risk of contamination or loss of target DNA. In present study, a crude extract preparation method previously used to detect other plant pathogens was adapted to samples from apple trees infected by ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’. End-point and real-time PCR detection of ‘Ca. P. mali’ were used to compare this extraction procedure with an establishedmethod for efficient extraction of purified DNA. The crude extract proved fully adequate for phytoplasma detection in samples from 86 in vitro and 35 in vivo apple shoots or plants and 10 periwinkle plants. High inter- and intra-run reproducibility was obtained for phytoplasma detection with different TaqMan MGB- or SYBR Green-based real-time PCR protocols applied to the crude extracts. Real-time PCR applied to serially diluted crude and purified extracts revealed the same phytoplasma detection limit (dilution up to 105). All results confirm the suitability of this simple, quick, efficient extraction technique for accurate detection of ‘Ca. P. mali’ in different types of apple and periwinkle samples

A simple and rapid protocol of crude DNA extraction from apple trees infected by phytoplasmas for PCR and real-time PCR detection.

BERTACCINI, ASSUNTA;
2009

Abstract

Different PCR protocols have been established for detection of European fruit trees phytoplasmas; however the majority of the procedures for extracting phytoplasma DNA are complex, time consuming, and expensive, with a risk of contamination or loss of target DNA. In present study, a crude extract preparation method previously used to detect other plant pathogens was adapted to samples from apple trees infected by ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’. End-point and real-time PCR detection of ‘Ca. P. mali’ were used to compare this extraction procedure with an establishedmethod for efficient extraction of purified DNA. The crude extract proved fully adequate for phytoplasma detection in samples from 86 in vitro and 35 in vivo apple shoots or plants and 10 periwinkle plants. High inter- and intra-run reproducibility was obtained for phytoplasma detection with different TaqMan MGB- or SYBR Green-based real-time PCR protocols applied to the crude extracts. Real-time PCR applied to serially diluted crude and purified extracts revealed the same phytoplasma detection limit (dilution up to 105). All results confirm the suitability of this simple, quick, efficient extraction technique for accurate detection of ‘Ca. P. mali’ in different types of apple and periwinkle samples
Aldaghi M.; S. Massart; O. Dutrecq; A. Bertaccini; M.H. Jijakli; Ph. Lepoivre
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/83985
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