The role of a balanced gut microbiota to maintain health and prevent diseases is largely established in humans and livestock. Conversely, in honeybees, studies on gut microbiota perturbations by external factors have started only recently. Natural methods alternative to chemical products to preserve honeybee health have been proposed, but their effect on the gut microbiota has not been examined in detail. This study aims to investigate the effect of the administration of a bacterial mixture of bifidobacteria and Lactobacillaceae and a commercial product HiveAlive™ on honeybee gut microbiota. The study was developed in 18 hives of about 2500 bees, with six replicates for each experimental condition for a total of three experimental groups. The absolute abundance of main microbial taxa was studied using qPCR and NGS. The results showed that the majority of the administered strains were detected in the gut. On the whole, great perturbations upon the administration of the bacterial mixture and the plant-based commercial product were not observed in the gut microbiota. Significant variations with respect to the untreated control were only observed for Snodgrassella sp. for the bacterial mixture, Bartonella sp. in HiveAlive™ and Bombilactobacillus sp. for both. Therefore, the studied approaches are respectful of the honeybee microbiota composition, conceivably without compromising the bee nutritional, social and ecological functions.

Honeybees exposure to natural feed additives: How is the gut microbiota affected? / Alberoni D.; Baffoni L.; Braglia C.; Gaggia F.; Di Gioia D.. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:5(2021), pp. 1009.1-1009.16. [10.3390/microorganisms9051009]

Honeybees exposure to natural feed additives: How is the gut microbiota affected?

Alberoni D.
Primo
;
Baffoni L.
;
Braglia C.;Gaggia F.;Di Gioia D.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The role of a balanced gut microbiota to maintain health and prevent diseases is largely established in humans and livestock. Conversely, in honeybees, studies on gut microbiota perturbations by external factors have started only recently. Natural methods alternative to chemical products to preserve honeybee health have been proposed, but their effect on the gut microbiota has not been examined in detail. This study aims to investigate the effect of the administration of a bacterial mixture of bifidobacteria and Lactobacillaceae and a commercial product HiveAlive™ on honeybee gut microbiota. The study was developed in 18 hives of about 2500 bees, with six replicates for each experimental condition for a total of three experimental groups. The absolute abundance of main microbial taxa was studied using qPCR and NGS. The results showed that the majority of the administered strains were detected in the gut. On the whole, great perturbations upon the administration of the bacterial mixture and the plant-based commercial product were not observed in the gut microbiota. Significant variations with respect to the untreated control were only observed for Snodgrassella sp. for the bacterial mixture, Bartonella sp. in HiveAlive™ and Bombilactobacillus sp. for both. Therefore, the studied approaches are respectful of the honeybee microbiota composition, conceivably without compromising the bee nutritional, social and ecological functions.
2021
Honeybees exposure to natural feed additives: How is the gut microbiota affected? / Alberoni D.; Baffoni L.; Braglia C.; Gaggia F.; Di Gioia D.. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:5(2021), pp. 1009.1-1009.16. [10.3390/microorganisms9051009]
Alberoni D.; Baffoni L.; Braglia C.; Gaggia F.; Di Gioia D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/836903
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