Feline oral squamous cell carcinoma (FOSCC) is a frequent and progressively invasive tumour. Early lesions are difficult to recognize based on the sole clinical examination and may be misinterpreted as non-neoplastic. Mutations of TP53 and epigenetic alterations of specific genes are present in FOSCC and may be early detected. Aim of this prospective study was to investigate the DNA methylation pattern of a 17-gene panel and TP53 mutational status of FOSCC cytological samples obtained by oral brushing. Results were compared with a control group, in order to validate this non-invasive procedure for the screening of FOSCC. In FOSCC, the same analyses were carried out on the corresponding histological sample, if available. Thirty-five FOSCC and 60 controls were included. Mutations of TP53 were detected in 17 FOSCC brushings (48%) and in none of the controls (P <.001). Six genes (ZAP70, FLI1, MiR124-1, KIF1A, MAGEC2 and MiR363) were differentially methylated in FOSCC and were included in a methylation score. An algorithm based on TP53 mutational status and methylation score allowed to differentiate FOSCC from controls with a 69% sensitivity and a 97% specificity (accuracy, 86%). In 19 FOSCC histological samples, TP53 mutational status was fully concordant with brushings and a positive methylation score was observed in all cases. These results are promising for the identification of FOSCC by oral brushing, although some factors may limit the accuracy of this technique and further studies are required to assess its reproducibility in clinical practice.

Validation of oral brushing as a non-invasive technique for the identification of feline oral squamous cell carcinoma by DNA methylation and TP53 mutation analysis

Renzi A.;Morandi L.;Bellei E.;Marconato L.;Rigillo A.;Lenzi J.;Bettini G.;Tinto D.;Sabattini S.
2021

Abstract

Feline oral squamous cell carcinoma (FOSCC) is a frequent and progressively invasive tumour. Early lesions are difficult to recognize based on the sole clinical examination and may be misinterpreted as non-neoplastic. Mutations of TP53 and epigenetic alterations of specific genes are present in FOSCC and may be early detected. Aim of this prospective study was to investigate the DNA methylation pattern of a 17-gene panel and TP53 mutational status of FOSCC cytological samples obtained by oral brushing. Results were compared with a control group, in order to validate this non-invasive procedure for the screening of FOSCC. In FOSCC, the same analyses were carried out on the corresponding histological sample, if available. Thirty-five FOSCC and 60 controls were included. Mutations of TP53 were detected in 17 FOSCC brushings (48%) and in none of the controls (P <.001). Six genes (ZAP70, FLI1, MiR124-1, KIF1A, MAGEC2 and MiR363) were differentially methylated in FOSCC and were included in a methylation score. An algorithm based on TP53 mutational status and methylation score allowed to differentiate FOSCC from controls with a 69% sensitivity and a 97% specificity (accuracy, 86%). In 19 FOSCC histological samples, TP53 mutational status was fully concordant with brushings and a positive methylation score was observed in all cases. These results are promising for the identification of FOSCC by oral brushing, although some factors may limit the accuracy of this technique and further studies are required to assess its reproducibility in clinical practice.
Renzi A.; Morandi L.; Bellei E.; Marconato L.; Rigillo A.; Aralla M.; Lenzi J.; Bettini G.; Tinto D.; Sabattini S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/836765
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