Continuous infusion (CI) piperacillin/tazobactam is frequently used to treat infections in very elderly patients. This study aimed to conduct a population pharmacokinetic analysis of CI piperacillin/tazobactam, and to identify optimal dosages for safe and effective probability of target attainment (PTA) against Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Non-linear mixed-effects modelling was performed with Pmetrics. Monte Carlo simulations assessed the steady-state concentration (Css) of increasing piperacillin/tazobactam regimens (from 2.25 to 18 g daily by continuous infusion). Permissible doses were defined as those associated with <10% probability of Css >157.2 mg/L. PTA at the pharmacodynamic targets of free plasma steady-state concentration (fCss)/minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ≥1 and ≥4 and cumulative fraction of response (CFR) against EUCAST MIC distribution were also calculated. A total of 141 patients (median age 85 years) provided 217 plasma piperacillin Css. Most patients (55.2%) had hospital-acquired pneumonia and intra-abdominal infections. A one-compartment pharmacokinetic model with parallel linear and Michaelis–Menten elimination best described piperacillin data. Creatinine clearance (CLCR) was the covariate retained by the model. Pharmacokinetic estimates were 6.05 L/h for clearance and 3.39 mg/L for the Michaelis–Menten constant. Permissible doses were up to 4.5, 9, 11.25 and 13.5 g daily by continuous infusion for patients with CLCR of 0–19, 20–39, 40–59 and 60–79 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. At the clinical breakpoint of 8 mg/L, the permissible doses only achieved optimal PTA for fCss/MIC ≥1 in patients with CLCR 20–79 mL/min/1.73 m2. Optimal CFRs with the permissible doses were only attained against Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis. Permissible dosages and CLCR should be considered for prescribing CI piperacillin/tazobactam in very elderly patients.

Population pharmacokinetics of continuous infusion of piperacillin/tazobactam in very elderly hospitalized patients and considerations for target attainment against Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa / Cojutti P.G.; Morandin E.; Baraldo M.; Pea F.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS. - ISSN 0924-8579. - ELETTRONICO. - 58:4(2021), pp. 106408.1-106408.9. [10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2021.106408]

Population pharmacokinetics of continuous infusion of piperacillin/tazobactam in very elderly hospitalized patients and considerations for target attainment against Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Cojutti P. G.;Pea F.
2021

Abstract

Continuous infusion (CI) piperacillin/tazobactam is frequently used to treat infections in very elderly patients. This study aimed to conduct a population pharmacokinetic analysis of CI piperacillin/tazobactam, and to identify optimal dosages for safe and effective probability of target attainment (PTA) against Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Non-linear mixed-effects modelling was performed with Pmetrics. Monte Carlo simulations assessed the steady-state concentration (Css) of increasing piperacillin/tazobactam regimens (from 2.25 to 18 g daily by continuous infusion). Permissible doses were defined as those associated with <10% probability of Css >157.2 mg/L. PTA at the pharmacodynamic targets of free plasma steady-state concentration (fCss)/minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ≥1 and ≥4 and cumulative fraction of response (CFR) against EUCAST MIC distribution were also calculated. A total of 141 patients (median age 85 years) provided 217 plasma piperacillin Css. Most patients (55.2%) had hospital-acquired pneumonia and intra-abdominal infections. A one-compartment pharmacokinetic model with parallel linear and Michaelis–Menten elimination best described piperacillin data. Creatinine clearance (CLCR) was the covariate retained by the model. Pharmacokinetic estimates were 6.05 L/h for clearance and 3.39 mg/L for the Michaelis–Menten constant. Permissible doses were up to 4.5, 9, 11.25 and 13.5 g daily by continuous infusion for patients with CLCR of 0–19, 20–39, 40–59 and 60–79 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. At the clinical breakpoint of 8 mg/L, the permissible doses only achieved optimal PTA for fCss/MIC ≥1 in patients with CLCR 20–79 mL/min/1.73 m2. Optimal CFRs with the permissible doses were only attained against Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis. Permissible dosages and CLCR should be considered for prescribing CI piperacillin/tazobactam in very elderly patients.
2021
Population pharmacokinetics of continuous infusion of piperacillin/tazobactam in very elderly hospitalized patients and considerations for target attainment against Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa / Cojutti P.G.; Morandin E.; Baraldo M.; Pea F.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS. - ISSN 0924-8579. - ELETTRONICO. - 58:4(2021), pp. 106408.1-106408.9. [10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2021.106408]
Cojutti P.G.; Morandin E.; Baraldo M.; Pea F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/836624
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