The predominant view of motion and form processing in the human visual system assumes that these two attributes are handled by separate and independent modules. Motion processing involves filtering by direction-selective sensors, followed by integration to solve the aperture problem. Form processing involves filtering by orientation-selective and size-selective receptive fields, followed by integration to encode object shape. It has long been known that motion signals can influence form processing in the well-known Gestalt principle of common fate; texture elements which share a common motion property are grouped into a single contour or texture region. However, recent research in psychophysics and neuroscience indicates that the influence of form signals on motion processing is more extensive than previously thought. First, the salience and apparent direction of moving lines depends on how the local orientation and direction of motion combine to match the receptive field properties of motion-selective neurons. Second, orientation signals generated by 'motion-streaks' influence motion processing; motion sensitivity, apparent direction and adaptation are affected by simultaneously present orientation signals. Third, form signals generated by human body shape influence biological motion processing, as revealed by studies using point-light motion stimuli. Thus form-motion integration seems to occur at several different levels of cortical processing, from V1 to STS.

Mather G., Pavan A., Bellacosa Marotti R., Campana G., Casco C. (2013). Interactions between motion and form processing in the human visual system. FRONTIERS IN COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE, 7, 1-6 [10.3389/fncom.2013.00065].

Interactions between motion and form processing in the human visual system

Pavan A.;
2013

Abstract

The predominant view of motion and form processing in the human visual system assumes that these two attributes are handled by separate and independent modules. Motion processing involves filtering by direction-selective sensors, followed by integration to solve the aperture problem. Form processing involves filtering by orientation-selective and size-selective receptive fields, followed by integration to encode object shape. It has long been known that motion signals can influence form processing in the well-known Gestalt principle of common fate; texture elements which share a common motion property are grouped into a single contour or texture region. However, recent research in psychophysics and neuroscience indicates that the influence of form signals on motion processing is more extensive than previously thought. First, the salience and apparent direction of moving lines depends on how the local orientation and direction of motion combine to match the receptive field properties of motion-selective neurons. Second, orientation signals generated by 'motion-streaks' influence motion processing; motion sensitivity, apparent direction and adaptation are affected by simultaneously present orientation signals. Third, form signals generated by human body shape influence biological motion processing, as revealed by studies using point-light motion stimuli. Thus form-motion integration seems to occur at several different levels of cortical processing, from V1 to STS.
2013
Mather G., Pavan A., Bellacosa Marotti R., Campana G., Casco C. (2013). Interactions between motion and form processing in the human visual system. FRONTIERS IN COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE, 7, 1-6 [10.3389/fncom.2013.00065].
Mather G.; Pavan A.; Bellacosa Marotti R.; Campana G.; Casco C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/836047
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