We have investigated the Raman noncoincidence effect (NCE = ) of the (C=O) band arising from the interactions of acetone with the metal ions in acetone electrolytic solutions of alkaline earth metal (Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) perchlorates. Assisted by the results of ab initio molecular orbital (MO) calculations carried out at the Hartree–Fock (HF) level with the 6-31+G(2df,p) and LanL2DZ basis sets, we have been able to attribute this band to the formation of acetone–metal ion clusters, (acetone)nM2+, and to interpret its high and negative NCE as the consequence of the large separation between the higher frequency of the in-phase mode (active in the Raman isotropic spectrum) and the lower (average) frequency of the n-1 out-of-phase modes (prevalently active in the Raman anisotropic spectrum). The negative sign of the NCE is compatible with the transition dipole coupling (TDC) mechanism. The comparison between the observed NCE for each electrolytic solution and those calculated for the different solvation numbers n of each (acetone)nM2+cluster gives a clear indication of the highest stability of the hexa-coordinated cluster for the Mg2+ ion, but leaving uncertain (n=6 or 8) this conclusion for the acetone clusters of the remaining M2+ ions. We have interpreted the observed and calculated decrease of the magnitude of NCE with the ion size through the ion polarizing power in the light of the ion effective charge and its distance (M2+--CO) from the CO oscillators.

The influence of alkaline earth ions on the structural organization of acetone probed by the noncoincidence effect of the (C=O) band:experimental and quantum chemical results

GIORGINI, MARIA GRAZIA;
2010

Abstract

We have investigated the Raman noncoincidence effect (NCE = ) of the (C=O) band arising from the interactions of acetone with the metal ions in acetone electrolytic solutions of alkaline earth metal (Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) perchlorates. Assisted by the results of ab initio molecular orbital (MO) calculations carried out at the Hartree–Fock (HF) level with the 6-31+G(2df,p) and LanL2DZ basis sets, we have been able to attribute this band to the formation of acetone–metal ion clusters, (acetone)nM2+, and to interpret its high and negative NCE as the consequence of the large separation between the higher frequency of the in-phase mode (active in the Raman isotropic spectrum) and the lower (average) frequency of the n-1 out-of-phase modes (prevalently active in the Raman anisotropic spectrum). The negative sign of the NCE is compatible with the transition dipole coupling (TDC) mechanism. The comparison between the observed NCE for each electrolytic solution and those calculated for the different solvation numbers n of each (acetone)nM2+cluster gives a clear indication of the highest stability of the hexa-coordinated cluster for the Mg2+ ion, but leaving uncertain (n=6 or 8) this conclusion for the acetone clusters of the remaining M2+ ions. We have interpreted the observed and calculated decrease of the magnitude of NCE with the ion size through the ion polarizing power in the light of the ion effective charge and its distance (M2+--CO) from the CO oscillators.
M. G. Giorgini; H. Torii; M. Musso
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/83588
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