The success of NoSQL DBMSs has pushed the adoption of polyglot storage systems that take advantage of the best characteristics of different technologies and data models. While operational applications take great benefit from this choice, analytical applications suffer the absence of schema consistency, not only between different DBMSs but within a single NoSQL system as well. In this context, the discipline of data science is steering analysts away from traditional data warehousing and toward a more flexible and lightweight approach to data analysis. The idea is to perform OLAP analyses in a pay-as-you-go manner across heterogeneous schemas and data models, where the integration is progressively carried out by the user as the available data is explored. In this paper, we propose an approach to support data analysis within a high-variety multistore, with heterogeneous schemas and overlapping records. Our approach supports relational, document, wide-column, and key-value data models by automatically handling both data model and schema heterogeneity through a dataspace layer on top of the underlying DBMSs. The expressiveness we enable corresponds to GPSJ queries, which are the most common class of queries in OLAP applications. We rely on nested relational algebra to define a cross-database execution plan. The system has been prototyped on Apache Spark.

A dataspace-based framework for OLAP analyses in a high-variety multistore

Forresi, C;Gallinucci, E
;
Golfarelli, M;
2021

Abstract

The success of NoSQL DBMSs has pushed the adoption of polyglot storage systems that take advantage of the best characteristics of different technologies and data models. While operational applications take great benefit from this choice, analytical applications suffer the absence of schema consistency, not only between different DBMSs but within a single NoSQL system as well. In this context, the discipline of data science is steering analysts away from traditional data warehousing and toward a more flexible and lightweight approach to data analysis. The idea is to perform OLAP analyses in a pay-as-you-go manner across heterogeneous schemas and data models, where the integration is progressively carried out by the user as the available data is explored. In this paper, we propose an approach to support data analysis within a high-variety multistore, with heterogeneous schemas and overlapping records. Our approach supports relational, document, wide-column, and key-value data models by automatically handling both data model and schema heterogeneity through a dataspace layer on top of the underlying DBMSs. The expressiveness we enable corresponds to GPSJ queries, which are the most common class of queries in OLAP applications. We rely on nested relational algebra to define a cross-database execution plan. The system has been prototyped on Apache Spark.
Forresi, C; Gallinucci, E; Golfarelli, M; Ben Hamadou, H
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/835699
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