G-quadruplexes (G4s) are non-canonical nucleic acid structures involved in fundamental biological processes. As G4s are promising anticancer targets, in past decades the search for effective anticancer G4 binders aimed at the discovery of more cytotoxic ligands interfering with specific G4 structures at oncogenes or telomeres. Here, we have instead observed a significant activation of innate immune genes by two unrelated ligands at non-cytotoxic concentrations. The studied G4 binders (pyridostatin and PhenDC3) can induce an increase of micronuclei triggering the activation of the cytoplasmic STING (stimulator of interferon response cGAMP interactor 1) signaling pathway in human and murine cancer cells. Ligand activity can then lead to type I interferon production and innate immune gene activation. Moreover, specific gene expression patterns mediated by a G4 binder in cancer cells correlate with immunological hot features and better survival in human TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) breast tumors. The findings open to the development of cytostatic G4 binders as effective immunomodulators for combination immunotherapies in unresponsive tumors.

Miglietta G., Russo M., Duardo R.C., Capranico G. (2021). G-quadruplex binders as cytostatic modulators of innate immune genes in cancer cells. NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH, 49(12), 6673-6686 [10.1093/nar/gkab500].

G-quadruplex binders as cytostatic modulators of innate immune genes in cancer cells

Miglietta G.
Investigation
;
Russo M.
Data Curation
;
Duardo R. C.
Methodology
;
Capranico G.
Supervision
2021

Abstract

G-quadruplexes (G4s) are non-canonical nucleic acid structures involved in fundamental biological processes. As G4s are promising anticancer targets, in past decades the search for effective anticancer G4 binders aimed at the discovery of more cytotoxic ligands interfering with specific G4 structures at oncogenes or telomeres. Here, we have instead observed a significant activation of innate immune genes by two unrelated ligands at non-cytotoxic concentrations. The studied G4 binders (pyridostatin and PhenDC3) can induce an increase of micronuclei triggering the activation of the cytoplasmic STING (stimulator of interferon response cGAMP interactor 1) signaling pathway in human and murine cancer cells. Ligand activity can then lead to type I interferon production and innate immune gene activation. Moreover, specific gene expression patterns mediated by a G4 binder in cancer cells correlate with immunological hot features and better survival in human TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) breast tumors. The findings open to the development of cytostatic G4 binders as effective immunomodulators for combination immunotherapies in unresponsive tumors.
2021
Miglietta G., Russo M., Duardo R.C., Capranico G. (2021). G-quadruplex binders as cytostatic modulators of innate immune genes in cancer cells. NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH, 49(12), 6673-6686 [10.1093/nar/gkab500].
Miglietta G.; Russo M.; Duardo R.C.; Capranico G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/834060
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